Determination of mesophyll diffusion resistance in Chamaerion angustifolium by the method of three-dimensional reconstruction of the leaf cell packing

Determination of mesophyll diffusion resistance in Chamaerion angustifolium by the method of... A detailed quantitative analysis of the three-dimensional organization of the mesophyll was performed, and mesophyll diffusion resistance to CO2 in the leaves of Chamaerion angustifolium formed under different irradiance was calculated using an original method of stereometric cellular packing. For each type of leaves (sun and shade), we determined structural components of gas exchange: the volume of mesophyll per unit leaf area (V mes), the volume of the intercellular space in the mesophyll (V is), the area of the total mesophyll surface (S), the area of the free mesophyll surface facing the intercellular spaces (S mes), and the ratios of the total and the free mesophyll surfaces to its volume (S/V and S mes/V). As compared with sun leaves, in the shade leaves of Ch. angustifolium, S and V mes decreased twofold, tissue density was reduced twofold, and the share of the intercellular space in the mesophyll rose from 49 to 72%. In shade, the diffusion resistance of the mesophyll increased by 1.8 times because of changes in the leaf structure. At the same time, the ratio S mes/V was found to increase by 1.4 times, which facilitated the diffusion of CO2. In the shade leaves of Ch. angustifolium, the diffusion resistance of the intercellular air spaces was reduced twofold as a result of an increase in their share in the leaf mesophyll and simplification of their geometry. Thus, the method of three-dimensional reconstruction of sun and shade leaves of Ch. angustifolium showed a comprehensive rearrangement of the mesophyll spatial organization in shade and revealed the structural mechanisms of changes in the resistance to CO2 diffusion within the leaf. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Determination of mesophyll diffusion resistance in Chamaerion angustifolium by the method of three-dimensional reconstruction of the leaf cell packing

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443706030058
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A detailed quantitative analysis of the three-dimensional organization of the mesophyll was performed, and mesophyll diffusion resistance to CO2 in the leaves of Chamaerion angustifolium formed under different irradiance was calculated using an original method of stereometric cellular packing. For each type of leaves (sun and shade), we determined structural components of gas exchange: the volume of mesophyll per unit leaf area (V mes), the volume of the intercellular space in the mesophyll (V is), the area of the total mesophyll surface (S), the area of the free mesophyll surface facing the intercellular spaces (S mes), and the ratios of the total and the free mesophyll surfaces to its volume (S/V and S mes/V). As compared with sun leaves, in the shade leaves of Ch. angustifolium, S and V mes decreased twofold, tissue density was reduced twofold, and the share of the intercellular space in the mesophyll rose from 49 to 72%. In shade, the diffusion resistance of the mesophyll increased by 1.8 times because of changes in the leaf structure. At the same time, the ratio S mes/V was found to increase by 1.4 times, which facilitated the diffusion of CO2. In the shade leaves of Ch. angustifolium, the diffusion resistance of the intercellular air spaces was reduced twofold as a result of an increase in their share in the leaf mesophyll and simplification of their geometry. Thus, the method of three-dimensional reconstruction of sun and shade leaves of Ch. angustifolium showed a comprehensive rearrangement of the mesophyll spatial organization in shade and revealed the structural mechanisms of changes in the resistance to CO2 diffusion within the leaf.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 15, 2006

References

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