Determinant Role of Membrane Helices in KATP Channel Gating

Determinant Role of Membrane Helices in KATP Channel Gating The ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels couple chemical signals to cellular activity, in which the control of channel opening and closure (i.e., channel gating) is crucial. Transmembrane helices play an important role in channel gating. Here we report that the gating of Kir6.2, the core subunit of pancreatic and cardiac KATP channels, can be switched by manipulating the interaction between two residues located in transmembrane domains (TM) 1 and 2 of the channel protein. The Kir6.2 channel is gated by ATP and proton, which inhibit and activate the channel, respectively. The channel gating involves two residues, namely, Thr71 and Cys166, located at the interface of the TM1 and TM2. Creation of electrostatic attraction between these sites reverses the channel gating, which makes the ATP an activator and proton an inhibitor of the channel. Electrostatic repulsion with two acidic residues retains or even enhances the wild-type channel gating. A similar switch of the pH-dependent channel gating was observed in the Kir2.1 channel, which is normally pH- insensitive. Thus, the manner in which the TM1 and TM2 helices interact appears to determine whether the channels are open or closed following ligand binding. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Determinant Role of Membrane Helices in KATP Channel Gating

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/determinant-role-of-membrane-helices-in-katp-channel-gating-wKussPRu6p
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-005-0741-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial