Detection of insecticide resistance in Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang (Diptera: Sciaridae) in China

Detection of insecticide resistance in Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang (Diptera: Sciaridae) in... Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang is a destructive insect pest of Chinese chives. To understand the current status of insecticide resistance of B. odoriphaga in China, the sensitivity variation of eight field populations to six commonly used insecticides, including chlorpyrifos, phoxim, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin and beta-cypermethrin were evaluated. The results showed that almost all the tested B. odoriphaga populations had developed moderate to high resistance to chlorpyrifos and phoxim. There were different resistance levels found in the eight field populations among the three neonicotinoids, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam and clothianidin. Imidacloprid was very effective against B. odoriphaga in most tested populations except those from Yangzhou (10.35-fold) and Tangshan (14.56-fold). While four populations kept susceptible to thiamethoxam, the other four populations showed decreased susceptibility or low resistance. To clothianidin, five populations displayed moderate resistance, two populations displayed low resistance, and one population exhibited susceptibility, respectively. All the tested populations were resistance to beta-cypermethrin, the highest resistance was found in the Tangshan population with a resistance ratio of 172.56-fold. The results of this study provided valuable information for choosing insecticides for control and integrated resistance management of B. odoriphaga. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ecotoxicology Springer Journals

Detection of insecticide resistance in Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang (Diptera: Sciaridae) in China

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Ecotoxicology; Ecology; Environmental Management
ISSN
0963-9292
eISSN
1573-3017
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10646-017-1817-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang is a destructive insect pest of Chinese chives. To understand the current status of insecticide resistance of B. odoriphaga in China, the sensitivity variation of eight field populations to six commonly used insecticides, including chlorpyrifos, phoxim, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin and beta-cypermethrin were evaluated. The results showed that almost all the tested B. odoriphaga populations had developed moderate to high resistance to chlorpyrifos and phoxim. There were different resistance levels found in the eight field populations among the three neonicotinoids, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam and clothianidin. Imidacloprid was very effective against B. odoriphaga in most tested populations except those from Yangzhou (10.35-fold) and Tangshan (14.56-fold). While four populations kept susceptible to thiamethoxam, the other four populations showed decreased susceptibility or low resistance. To clothianidin, five populations displayed moderate resistance, two populations displayed low resistance, and one population exhibited susceptibility, respectively. All the tested populations were resistance to beta-cypermethrin, the highest resistance was found in the Tangshan population with a resistance ratio of 172.56-fold. The results of this study provided valuable information for choosing insecticides for control and integrated resistance management of B. odoriphaga.

Journal

EcotoxicologySpringer Journals

Published: May 23, 2017

References

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