Detection of Aneuploidy in Spontaneous Abortions Using Comparative Genomic Hybridization

Detection of Aneuploidy in Spontaneous Abortions Using Comparative Genomic Hybridization Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) technique was used to examine a set of ten spontaneous abortions whose cell cultures were characterized by the lack of proliferation in vitro, and thereby, were not available for the analysis by means of routine cytogenetic methods. Five abortions (50%) had aneuploidy of autosomes, including trisomy 10, 14, 18, and 21, and monosomy 22. The latter variant of unbalanced chromosomal abnormalities is rarely detected in spontaneous abortions by use of conventional cytogenetic methods. The results were validated by using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis with centromere-specific DNA probes. Embryos with trisomy 10 and monosomy 22 displayed mosaicism with the frequencies of abnormal cell clones constituting 68 and 33% respectively. The advantages and limitations of the applying of CGH technique for detection of genomic abnormalities in both nonmosaic and mosaic forms are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Detection of Aneuploidy in Spontaneous Abortions Using Comparative Genomic Hybridization

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1021604325687
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) technique was used to examine a set of ten spontaneous abortions whose cell cultures were characterized by the lack of proliferation in vitro, and thereby, were not available for the analysis by means of routine cytogenetic methods. Five abortions (50%) had aneuploidy of autosomes, including trisomy 10, 14, 18, and 21, and monosomy 22. The latter variant of unbalanced chromosomal abnormalities is rarely detected in spontaneous abortions by use of conventional cytogenetic methods. The results were validated by using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis with centromere-specific DNA probes. Embryos with trisomy 10 and monosomy 22 displayed mosaicism with the frequencies of abnormal cell clones constituting 68 and 33% respectively. The advantages and limitations of the applying of CGH technique for detection of genomic abnormalities in both nonmosaic and mosaic forms are discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

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