Detection and sequencing of defective viral genomes in C6/36 cells persistently infected with dengue virus 2

Detection and sequencing of defective viral genomes in C6/36 cells persistently infected with... Dengue virus is the most important arbovirus that affects humans, and it can establish persistent infections, especially in insect-derived cell cultures. Defective viral genomes have been implicated in the establishment and maintenance of persistent infections with several flaviviruses; however, there exists almost no information concerning defective dengue virus genomes. Here, we report the detection of defective dengue 2 virus genomes in persistently infected mosquito C6/36 cells. The defective viral genomes were detected at a low ratio compared with the wild-type genome. Deletions of approximately 147 residues (222-368) were found in the E protein, and these mainly affected domain III (73 %) of the protein; deletions of approximately 153 residues (4-156) and 228 residues (597-825) were found in the methyltransferase and polymerase domains, respectively, of the NS5 protein. The truncated versions of NS5 could be detected by western blot only in the protein extracts derived from persistently infected cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Detection and sequencing of defective viral genomes in C6/36 cells persistently infected with dengue virus 2

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-012-1525-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dengue virus is the most important arbovirus that affects humans, and it can establish persistent infections, especially in insect-derived cell cultures. Defective viral genomes have been implicated in the establishment and maintenance of persistent infections with several flaviviruses; however, there exists almost no information concerning defective dengue virus genomes. Here, we report the detection of defective dengue 2 virus genomes in persistently infected mosquito C6/36 cells. The defective viral genomes were detected at a low ratio compared with the wild-type genome. Deletions of approximately 147 residues (222-368) were found in the E protein, and these mainly affected domain III (73 %) of the protein; deletions of approximately 153 residues (4-156) and 228 residues (597-825) were found in the methyltransferase and polymerase domains, respectively, of the NS5 protein. The truncated versions of NS5 could be detected by western blot only in the protein extracts derived from persistently infected cells.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2013

References

  • Defective interfering RNAs of Japanese encephalitis virus found in mosquito cells and correlation with persistent infection
    Tsai, KN; Tsang, SF; Huang, CH; Chang, RY

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