Detection and sequence analysis of two novel co-infecting double-strand RNA mycoviruses in Ustilaginoidea virens

Detection and sequence analysis of two novel co-infecting double-strand RNA mycoviruses in... Four novel double-stranded RNA molecules, named dsRNA 1 (5124 bp), dsRNA 2(1711 bp), dsRNA 3 (1423 bp) and dsRNA 4 (855 bp), were detected in strain HNHS-1 of Ustilaginoidea virens , the causal agent of rice false smut disease. Sequence analysis showed that the dsRNA1 contains two overlapping open reading frames (ORF) potentially encoding proteins with modest levels of sequence similarity to the coat protein (CP) and putative RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), respectively, of viruses of the family Totiviridae . The deduced gene product of the ORF encoded by dsRNA2 is homologous to putative RdRp of viruses in the family Partitiviridae ; the ORF encoded by dsRNA3 shares some similarity to a hypothetical protein with unknown function. It is noteworthy that the dsRNA4 lacked integrated ORFs. Isomeric viral particles of about 40 nm in diameter were observed by transmission electron microscopy in a mycelium tissue preparation of strain HNHS-1-R1, a single-spore subculture of strain HNHS-1 containing only the dsRNA1 segment. Phylogenetic analysis and examination of the organization of the two putative RdRp sequences both indicated that there are at least two novel virus species present in strain HNHS-1. We named the two novel viruses Ustilaginoidea virens RNA virus 2 and Ustilaginoidea virens partitivirus 4, respectively. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Detection and sequence analysis of two novel co-infecting double-strand RNA mycoviruses in Ustilaginoidea virens

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/detection-and-sequence-analysis-of-two-novel-co-infecting-double-0tELK8pkVc
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-014-2144-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Four novel double-stranded RNA molecules, named dsRNA 1 (5124 bp), dsRNA 2(1711 bp), dsRNA 3 (1423 bp) and dsRNA 4 (855 bp), were detected in strain HNHS-1 of Ustilaginoidea virens , the causal agent of rice false smut disease. Sequence analysis showed that the dsRNA1 contains two overlapping open reading frames (ORF) potentially encoding proteins with modest levels of sequence similarity to the coat protein (CP) and putative RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), respectively, of viruses of the family Totiviridae . The deduced gene product of the ORF encoded by dsRNA2 is homologous to putative RdRp of viruses in the family Partitiviridae ; the ORF encoded by dsRNA3 shares some similarity to a hypothetical protein with unknown function. It is noteworthy that the dsRNA4 lacked integrated ORFs. Isomeric viral particles of about 40 nm in diameter were observed by transmission electron microscopy in a mycelium tissue preparation of strain HNHS-1-R1, a single-spore subculture of strain HNHS-1 containing only the dsRNA1 segment. Phylogenetic analysis and examination of the organization of the two putative RdRp sequences both indicated that there are at least two novel virus species present in strain HNHS-1. We named the two novel viruses Ustilaginoidea virens RNA virus 2 and Ustilaginoidea virens partitivirus 4, respectively.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 2014

References

  • Viruses of plant pathogenic fungi
    Ghabrial, SA; Suzuki, N
  • Mycoviruses of filamentous fungi and their relevance to plant pathology
    Pearson, MN; Beever, RE; Boine, B; Arthur, K
  • Sequence determination of a quadripartite dsRNA virus isolated from Aspergillus foetidus
    Kozlakidis, Z; Herrero, N; Ozkan, S; Kanhayuwa, L; Jamal, A; Bhatti, MF; Coutts, RH

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off