Detection and genetic characterization of hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 subtype c in wild boars in Italy

Detection and genetic characterization of hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 subtype c in wild... Hepatitis E virus (HEV) was detected in stools collected from wild boars in Italy, with an overall prevalence of 1.5 % (3/196). The sequence of a ~3.0-kb portion at the 3′ end of the genome of one such strain, HEV/WB/P6-15/ITA, was determined. In the full-length ORF2, which encodes the capsid protein, the virus was genetically closest to wild boar and human HEV strains currently classified as genotype 3 subtype c. Interestingly, the 3’ end of ORF2 of the WB/P6-15/ITA matched the 340-nucleotide (nt) sequence (94.0 % nt identity) of the human strain PeGe, identified in 2015 from a patient with acute hepatitis E in Genoa, Italy, suggesting that similar HEV strains are circulating in the same geographical setting in humans and animals. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Detection and genetic characterization of hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 subtype c in wild boars in Italy

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-016-2964-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) was detected in stools collected from wild boars in Italy, with an overall prevalence of 1.5 % (3/196). The sequence of a ~3.0-kb portion at the 3′ end of the genome of one such strain, HEV/WB/P6-15/ITA, was determined. In the full-length ORF2, which encodes the capsid protein, the virus was genetically closest to wild boar and human HEV strains currently classified as genotype 3 subtype c. Interestingly, the 3’ end of ORF2 of the WB/P6-15/ITA matched the 340-nucleotide (nt) sequence (94.0 % nt identity) of the human strain PeGe, identified in 2015 from a patient with acute hepatitis E in Genoa, Italy, suggesting that similar HEV strains are circulating in the same geographical setting in humans and animals.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 8, 2016

References

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