Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and nested PCR were developed to detect and differentiate Aino (AINO) and Akabane (AKA) virus S RNA. Two pairs of AINO- and AKA-specific primers for nested PCR were synthesized and examined for their capacity to amplify PCR products using 7 Simbu serogroup viruses isolated in Japan and Australia. RT- and nested PCR using AKA-specific primers amplified cDNA from Tinaroo virus RNA as well as homologous RNA. Nested PCR products were differentiated by Hph I and Bst EII digestion. Peaton (PEA) virus S cDNA was also amplified using AINO- specific primers. The nested PCR products of PEA virus were not digested by 3 restriction enzymes ( Ava II, Eco RI and Hae II), whereras those of AINO virus were digested as expected. Using this technique, AINO and AKA viruses were detected at concentrations as low as 10 −3 plaque-forming units (PFU) and 10 −5 PFU, respectively, in a supernatant of virus-infected cells. It was possible to detect AINO and AKA genome from various tissues of experimentally infected mice, and also the AKA nested PCR products from serum samples from sentinel cattle naturally infected with AKA virus. The present nested PCR appears a simple, rapid and valuable method for diagnosing AINO and AKA infection.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud