Sequential stages of pigment degradation and ultrastructural changes were examined in cyanobacteria Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413, Synechococcus sp. PCC 6301 (Anacystis nidulans) and S. elongatus B-267 during irradiation of cell suspensions with high-intensity light. Early manifestations of photooxidative destruction were evident as profound changes in ultrastructure of thylakoids; in A. variabilis these changes appeared even before bleaching of pigments. Concomitant to these alterations, the cytoplasmic matrix turned homogenous and the nucleoid was subject to degradation, while ultrastructural changes of cytoplasmic membrane and cell walls became evident in some species. In A. variabilis these changes were related to a subsequent autolysis of cells. Synechococcus strains demonstrated comparatively high resistance to irradiation. The experimental data were compared with previously described behavior of the same species of cyanobacteria cultured under photooxidative conditions. This comparison revealed principal similarity and species-specific features in the destructive changes of thylakoids and other cell components of cyanobacterial cells.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 23, 2004
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