Benznidazole (BNZ) is the main drug used for the treatment of Chagas disease. However, its low aqueous solubility limits its efficacy. In this study, we have prepared host–guest inclusion complexes of BNZ with beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD) in solid phase and assessed the influence of the co-solvents triethanolamine (TEA) and 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) for improving the drug dissolution performance. The physicochemical properties of prepared spray-dried (SD) particles and physical mixtures (PM) were carefully monitored using FTIR, XRD and SEM images. The used co-solvents affected β-CD–drug interactions, the structural properties and drug dissolution behavior of particles. TEA did not improve the solubilizing effect of β-CD, while NMP was able to enhance drug dissolution performance in both SD and PM complexes. These promising results support the use of specific co-solvents with CD as a new raw material for insoluble compounds. The studied solid dispersions showed promising features to improve BNZ efficacy against Chagas disease.
Journal of Materials Science – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 31, 2017
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