Design and evaluation of a recombinant multi-epitope-based ELISA for the serological surveillance of HEV infection in northern China

Design and evaluation of a recombinant multi-epitope-based ELISA for the serological surveillance... In this study, seven recombinant epitope peptides from within the ORF2 protein of the local genotype 4 swine hepatitis E virus (HEV) DQ strain were designed and analyzed. Then, a new multi-epitope-based ELISA was established. In comparison with a commercial kit, this test exhibited good specificity and sensitivity for anti-HEV genotype 4. Subsequently, this test was applied for analyzing serum samples from either swine herds or human populations in northern China. The overall seroprevalence rate of anti-HEV IgG reached up to 40.4% for swine and 8.1% for humans. A statistical difference was observed for humans in rural and urban areas, with a higher prevalence for people living in rural than urban areas. Moreover, sequencing confirmed that all RNA-positive samples belonged to genotype 4. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Design and evaluation of a recombinant multi-epitope-based ELISA for the serological surveillance of HEV infection in northern China

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-011-1007-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this study, seven recombinant epitope peptides from within the ORF2 protein of the local genotype 4 swine hepatitis E virus (HEV) DQ strain were designed and analyzed. Then, a new multi-epitope-based ELISA was established. In comparison with a commercial kit, this test exhibited good specificity and sensitivity for anti-HEV genotype 4. Subsequently, this test was applied for analyzing serum samples from either swine herds or human populations in northern China. The overall seroprevalence rate of anti-HEV IgG reached up to 40.4% for swine and 8.1% for humans. A statistical difference was observed for humans in rural and urban areas, with a higher prevalence for people living in rural than urban areas. Moreover, sequencing confirmed that all RNA-positive samples belonged to genotype 4.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2011

References

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