Depletion of follicular dendritic cells in tonsils collected from PMWS-affected pigs

Depletion of follicular dendritic cells in tonsils collected from PMWS-affected pigs Post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) is a relevant, worldwide disease caused by porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). Microscopically, PMWS is mainly characterized by lymphocytic depletion, macrophage infiltration and syncytia in lymphoid tissues. Some data suggest that follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) could be infected by PCV2, thus likely playing a role in the pathogenesis of PMWS. The present paper aims at assessing, qualitatively and quantitatively, the FDCs’ network in the soft palate tonsils of clinically healthy and PMWS-affected pigs. Consecutive tissue sections were tested by immunohistochemistry to detect PCV2, FDCs and macrophages. FDCs and PCV2 antigens were quantitatively assessed by means of the Image J software and results submitted to statistical analysis. Our data demonstrated that FDCs are significantly reduced in PMWS-affected pigs compared with healthy pigs and that FDCs’ depletion should be considered among microscopic features of PMWS. It is reasonable to hypothesize that depletion of FDCs further compromises the immune response and enhances the occurrence and the severity of secondary infections, which are relevant for the clinical manifestation of PMWS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Depletion of follicular dendritic cells in tonsils collected from PMWS-affected pigs

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-017-3244-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) is a relevant, worldwide disease caused by porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). Microscopically, PMWS is mainly characterized by lymphocytic depletion, macrophage infiltration and syncytia in lymphoid tissues. Some data suggest that follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) could be infected by PCV2, thus likely playing a role in the pathogenesis of PMWS. The present paper aims at assessing, qualitatively and quantitatively, the FDCs’ network in the soft palate tonsils of clinically healthy and PMWS-affected pigs. Consecutive tissue sections were tested by immunohistochemistry to detect PCV2, FDCs and macrophages. FDCs and PCV2 antigens were quantitatively assessed by means of the Image J software and results submitted to statistical analysis. Our data demonstrated that FDCs are significantly reduced in PMWS-affected pigs compared with healthy pigs and that FDCs’ depletion should be considered among microscopic features of PMWS. It is reasonable to hypothesize that depletion of FDCs further compromises the immune response and enhances the occurrence and the severity of secondary infections, which are relevant for the clinical manifestation of PMWS.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 28, 2017

References

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