Dependence of Electroporation Detection Threshold on Cell Radius: An Explanation to Observations Non Compatible with Schwan’s Equation Model

Dependence of Electroporation Detection Threshold on Cell Radius: An Explanation to Observations... It is widely accepted that electroporation occurs when the cell transmembrane voltage induced by an external applied electric field reaches a threshold. Under this assumption, in order to trigger electroporation in a spherical cell, Schwan’s equation leads to an inversely proportional relationship between the cell radius and the minimum magnitude of the applied electric field. And, indeed, several publications report experimental evidences of an inverse relationship between the cell size and the field required to achieve electroporation. However, this dependence is not always observed or is not as steep as predicted by Schwan’s equation. The present numerical study attempts to explain these observations that do not fit Schwan’s equation on the basis of the interplay between cell membrane conductivity, permeability, and transmembrane voltage. For that, a single cell in suspension was modeled and the electric field necessary to achieve electroporation with a single pulse was determined according to two effectiveness criteria: a specific permeabilization level, understood as the relative area occupied by the pores during the pulse, and a final intracellular concentration of a molecule due to uptake by diffusion after the pulse, during membrane resealing. The results indicate that plausible model parameters can lead to divergent dependencies of the electric field threshold on the cell radius. These divergent dependencies were obtained through both criteria and using two different permeabilization models. This suggests that the interplay between cell membrane conductivity, permeability, and transmembrane voltage might be the cause of results which are noncompatible with the Schwan’s equation model. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Dependence of Electroporation Detection Threshold on Cell Radius: An Explanation to Observations Non Compatible with Schwan’s Equation Model

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-016-9907-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

It is widely accepted that electroporation occurs when the cell transmembrane voltage induced by an external applied electric field reaches a threshold. Under this assumption, in order to trigger electroporation in a spherical cell, Schwan’s equation leads to an inversely proportional relationship between the cell radius and the minimum magnitude of the applied electric field. And, indeed, several publications report experimental evidences of an inverse relationship between the cell size and the field required to achieve electroporation. However, this dependence is not always observed or is not as steep as predicted by Schwan’s equation. The present numerical study attempts to explain these observations that do not fit Schwan’s equation on the basis of the interplay between cell membrane conductivity, permeability, and transmembrane voltage. For that, a single cell in suspension was modeled and the electric field necessary to achieve electroporation with a single pulse was determined according to two effectiveness criteria: a specific permeabilization level, understood as the relative area occupied by the pores during the pulse, and a final intracellular concentration of a molecule due to uptake by diffusion after the pulse, during membrane resealing. The results indicate that plausible model parameters can lead to divergent dependencies of the electric field threshold on the cell radius. These divergent dependencies were obtained through both criteria and using two different permeabilization models. This suggests that the interplay between cell membrane conductivity, permeability, and transmembrane voltage might be the cause of results which are noncompatible with the Schwan’s equation model.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 11, 2016

References

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