Denosumab versus bisphosphonates in patients with advanced cancers-related bone metastasis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Denosumab versus bisphosphonates in patients with advanced cancers-related bone metastasis:... Background Bone metastasis is reported to be associated with poor quality of life, and increased risk of hospitalization. We aim to synthesize evidence from published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which compared the efficacy of denosumab versus bisphosphonates in patients with advanced cancers. Methods We searched for all published RCTs in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central. Retrieved records were screened for eligibility. Time-to-event data were pooled as hazard ratio (HR) using the generic inverse-variance method and dichotomous data were pooled as relative risk (RR) in a random-effect model. We used Review Manager 5.3 for windows. Results Six unique RCTs with a total of 7722 patients were included. Overall effect estimates favored denosumab group in comparison to intravenous (IV) bisphosphonates in the following terms: time to first skeletal-related events (HR 0.92, 95% CI [0.86, 0.98], p = 0.01), time to subsequent skeletal-related event (RR 0.92, 95% CI [0.86, 0.99], p = 0.03), and radiation to bone (RR 0.81, 95% CI [0.71, 0.92], p = 0.02). Denosumab group was associated with increased risk of grade 3 or 4 hypocalcaemia (RR 1.99, 95% CI [1.11, 3.54], p = 0.02) and reduced risk of renal impairment or http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Supportive Care in Cancer Springer Journals

Denosumab versus bisphosphonates in patients with advanced cancers-related bone metastasis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Nursing; Nursing Research; Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine
ISSN
0941-4355
eISSN
1433-7339
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00520-018-4060-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Bone metastasis is reported to be associated with poor quality of life, and increased risk of hospitalization. We aim to synthesize evidence from published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which compared the efficacy of denosumab versus bisphosphonates in patients with advanced cancers. Methods We searched for all published RCTs in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central. Retrieved records were screened for eligibility. Time-to-event data were pooled as hazard ratio (HR) using the generic inverse-variance method and dichotomous data were pooled as relative risk (RR) in a random-effect model. We used Review Manager 5.3 for windows. Results Six unique RCTs with a total of 7722 patients were included. Overall effect estimates favored denosumab group in comparison to intravenous (IV) bisphosphonates in the following terms: time to first skeletal-related events (HR 0.92, 95% CI [0.86, 0.98], p = 0.01), time to subsequent skeletal-related event (RR 0.92, 95% CI [0.86, 0.99], p = 0.03), and radiation to bone (RR 0.81, 95% CI [0.71, 0.92], p = 0.02). Denosumab group was associated with increased risk of grade 3 or 4 hypocalcaemia (RR 1.99, 95% CI [1.11, 3.54], p = 0.02) and reduced risk of renal impairment or

Journal

Supportive Care in CancerSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2018

References

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