Demographic Consequences of Gender Discrimination in China: Simulation Analysis of Policy Options

Demographic Consequences of Gender Discrimination in China: Simulation Analysis of Policy Options The large number of missing females in China, a consequence of gender discrimination, is having and will continue to have a profound effect on the country’s population development. In this paper, we analyze the causes of this gender discrimination in terms of institutions, culture and, economy, and suggest public policies that might help eliminate gender discrimination. Using a population simulation model, we study the effect of public policies on the sex ratio at birth and excess female child mortality, and the effect of gender discrimination on China’s population development. We find that gender discrimination will decrease China’s population size, number of births, and working age population, accelerate population aging and exacerbate the male marriage squeeze. These results provide theoretical support for suggesting that the government enact and implement public policies aimed at eliminating gender discrimination. Population Research and Policy Review Springer Journals

Demographic Consequences of Gender Discrimination in China: Simulation Analysis of Policy Options

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Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Social Sciences; Demography; Sociology, general; Population Economics
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  • Shortage of girls in China today
    Banister, J

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