Demethylation of the Epstein-Barr virus origin of lytic replication and of the immediate early gene BZLF1 is DNA replication independent

Demethylation of the Epstein-Barr virus origin of lytic replication and of the immediate early... Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) episomal DNA is extensively methylated in Burkitt lymphoma derived cell lines. In this study we examined whether lytic viral cycle reactivation is dependent on demethylation of critical viral genes. Viral replication was induced in the Burkitt’s lymphoma cell line Daudi by the combination of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and sodium-butyrate. Two regions necessary for EBV replication, the BZLF1 immediate early region and the origin of lytic cycle replication (ori Lyt) were demethylated during the early phase of the lytic virus cycle. Demethylation was observed while production of new (unmethylated) viral DNA was blocked by phosphonoformic acid (PFA). This suggests that demethylation, which may be instrumental for the onset of the lytic cycle, is an active process independent of viral DNA repli- cation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Demethylation of the Epstein-Barr virus origin of lytic replication and of the immediate early gene BZLF1 is DNA replication independent

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Wien by 1999 Springer-Verlag/
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050636
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) episomal DNA is extensively methylated in Burkitt lymphoma derived cell lines. In this study we examined whether lytic viral cycle reactivation is dependent on demethylation of critical viral genes. Viral replication was induced in the Burkitt’s lymphoma cell line Daudi by the combination of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and sodium-butyrate. Two regions necessary for EBV replication, the BZLF1 immediate early region and the origin of lytic cycle replication (ori Lyt) were demethylated during the early phase of the lytic virus cycle. Demethylation was observed while production of new (unmethylated) viral DNA was blocked by phosphonoformic acid (PFA). This suggests that demethylation, which may be instrumental for the onset of the lytic cycle, is an active process independent of viral DNA repli- cation.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 1999

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