A limitation to the engineering of cellulolytic thermophiles is the availability of functional, thermostable (≥ 60 °C) replicating plasmid vectors for rapid expression and testing of genes that provide improved or novel fuel molecule production pathways. A series of plasmid vectors for genetic manipulation of the cellulolytic thermophile Caldicellulosiruptor bescii has recently been extended to Clostridium thermocellum, another cellulolytic thermophile that very efficiently solubilizes plant biomass and produces ethanol. While the C. bescii pBAS2 replicon on these plasmids is thermostable, the use of homologous promoters, signal sequences and genes led to undesired integration into the bacterial chromosome, a result also observed with less thermostable replicating vectors. In an attempt to overcome undesired plasmid integration in C. thermocellum, a deletion of recA was constructed. As expected, C. thermocellum ∆recA showed impaired growth in chemically defined medium and an increased susceptibility to UV damage. Interestingly, we also found that recA is required for replication of the C. bescii thermophilic plasmid pBAS2 in C. thermocellum, but it is not required for replication of plasmid pNW33N. In addition, the C. thermocellum recA mutant retained the ability to integrate homologous DNA into the C. thermocellum chromosome. These data indicate that recA can be required for replication of certain plasmids, and that a recA-independent mechanism exists for the integration of homologous DNA into the C. thermocellum chromosome. Understanding thermophilic plasmid replication is not only important for engineering of these cellulolytic thermophiles, but also for developing genetic systems in similar new potentially useful non-model organisms.
Journal of Industrial Microbiology Biotechnology – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera