Indirect response (IDR) models are probably the most frequently applied tools relating the effect of a signal to a baseline response. A response modeled by such a classical IDR model will always return monotonously to its baseline after drug administration. We extend IDR models with a delay process, i.e. a retarded response state, that leads to oscillating response behavior. First, IDR models with a first-order production and second-order loss term based on the famous logistic equation are constructed. Second, a delay process similar to the delayed logistic equation is included. Relations of the classical IDR model with our extended IDR model concerning response and model parameters are revealed. Simulations of typical response profiles are presented and data fitting of a model for leptin and cholesterol dynamics after administration of methylprednisolone is performed. The influence of the delay parameter on the other model parameters is discussed.
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2018
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