General patterns of transformations in multispecies associations of ants in urbanized areas are revealed. The most vulnerable species in the assocation is the species that occupies the second rank in the hierarchy. As the association of the same type degrades, the subdominant species gradually disappears and then re-appears in the community. A monodominant association dominated either by a territorial species or by a weakly territorial species degrades towards a simplified community that consists of one species of a rather high rank in the hierarchy (a weakly territorial dominant or subdominant) and one or two influent species. Bidominant associations without subdominant species are derivates of partly degraded monodominant associations with a weakly territorial dominant species.
Russian Journal of Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 22, 2015
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