P1: FYJ/GEC P2: GCO
Psychiatric Quarterly [psaq] PH024-297922 May 1, 2001 9:2 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol. 72, No. 3, 2001
DEFENSE STYLES AND PERSONALITY
DIMENSIONS OF RESEARCH SUBJECTS
WITH ANXIETY AND DEPRESSIVE
Barbara L. Kennedy, M.D., Ph.D., John J. Schwab, M.D.,
and James A. Hyde, Ph.D.
We used the Bond Defense Style and Cloninger Tridimensional Personality
questionnaires to assess defense styles and personality dimensions in subjects
with anxiety and depressive disorders. When measured against a comparison
group, maladaptive defense style scores were signiﬁcantly higher in those with
major depression, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social pho-
bia, and higher at a trend level in the subjects with obsessive-compulsive dis-
order and mixed anxiety and depression. However, there were no differences in
adaptive defense style scores between the subjects and the comparison group.
The harm avoidance personality dimension scores were signiﬁcantly higher in
subjects with both anxiety and depressive disorders than in the comparison
group. The harm avoidance scores correlated positively with the maladaptive
defense scores, but negatively with the adaptive defense scores. These ﬁndings
The authors are afﬁliated with the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,
University of Louisville.
Address correspondence to Barbara L. Kennedy, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Psychiatry
and Behavioral Sciences, ACB, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 550 South
Jackson Street, Louisville, KY 40202.
2001 Human Sciences Press, Inc.