Defense Styles and Personality Dimensions of Research Subjects with Anxiety and Depressive Disorders

Defense Styles and Personality Dimensions of Research Subjects with Anxiety and Depressive Disorders We used the Bond Defense Style and Cloninger Tridimensional Personality questionnaires to assess defense styles and personality dimensions in subjects with anxiety and depressive disorders. When measured against a comparison group, maladaptive defense style scores were significantly higher in those with major depression, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social phobia, and higher at a trend level in the subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder and mixed anxiety and depression. However, there were no differences in adaptive defense style scores between the subjects and the comparison group. The harm avoidance personality dimension scores were significantly higher in subjects with both anxiety and depressive disorders than in the comparison group. The harm avoidance scores correlated positively with the maladaptive defense scores, but negatively with the adaptive defense scores. These findings are discussed in terms of severity of illness, level of functioning, and relationships between Axis I and II disorders. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatric Quarterly Springer Journals

Defense Styles and Personality Dimensions of Research Subjects with Anxiety and Depressive Disorders

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Human Sciences Press, Inc.
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Public Health; Sociology, general
ISSN
0033-2720
eISSN
1573-6709
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1010353116016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We used the Bond Defense Style and Cloninger Tridimensional Personality questionnaires to assess defense styles and personality dimensions in subjects with anxiety and depressive disorders. When measured against a comparison group, maladaptive defense style scores were significantly higher in those with major depression, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social phobia, and higher at a trend level in the subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder and mixed anxiety and depression. However, there were no differences in adaptive defense style scores between the subjects and the comparison group. The harm avoidance personality dimension scores were significantly higher in subjects with both anxiety and depressive disorders than in the comparison group. The harm avoidance scores correlated positively with the maladaptive defense scores, but negatively with the adaptive defense scores. These findings are discussed in terms of severity of illness, level of functioning, and relationships between Axis I and II disorders.

Journal

Psychiatric QuarterlySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

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