Deep-sea (cold-water) coral communities of the North Pacific and problems of their conservation

Deep-sea (cold-water) coral communities of the North Pacific and problems of their conservation This review paper is devoted to the deep-sea (cold-water) coral communities of the North Pacific. The composition of these communities differs from that of the deep-sea coral communities of the Atlantic Ocean and the South Pacific. In the former case, the community structure is mainly determined by octocorals (soft and horn corals, sea pens) and stylasterids; in the latter case, the dominant coral group is hard (true) corals (order Scleractinia). The distribution of corals in the North Pacific is described. The main threats to deep-sea coral communities, primarily bottom trawling and oil and gas exploration and extraction, are discussed. The locations of deep-sea coral communities in the Kuril Islands region were found for the first time. The most interesting and endangered sites are proposed for the creation of marine protected areas, viz., the southern and middle Kuril Islands and Kashevarov Bank. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Deep-sea (cold-water) coral communities of the North Pacific and problems of their conservation

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074015010058
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This review paper is devoted to the deep-sea (cold-water) coral communities of the North Pacific. The composition of these communities differs from that of the deep-sea coral communities of the Atlantic Ocean and the South Pacific. In the former case, the community structure is mainly determined by octocorals (soft and horn corals, sea pens) and stylasterids; in the latter case, the dominant coral group is hard (true) corals (order Scleractinia). The distribution of corals in the North Pacific is described. The main threats to deep-sea coral communities, primarily bottom trawling and oil and gas exploration and extraction, are discussed. The locations of deep-sea coral communities in the Kuril Islands region were found for the first time. The most interesting and endangered sites are proposed for the creation of marine protected areas, viz., the southern and middle Kuril Islands and Kashevarov Bank.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 8, 2015

References

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