DcMYB1 Acts as a Transcriptional Activator of the Carrot Phenylalanine Ammonia-lyase Gene (DcPAL1) in Response to Elicitor Treatment, UV-B Irradiation and the Dilution Effect

DcMYB1 Acts as a Transcriptional Activator of the Carrot Phenylalanine Ammonia-lyase Gene... Expression of a carrot phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) gene (DcPAL1) in suspension-cultured carrot cells is induced by treatment with a fungal elicitor, ultraviolet B (UV-B) irradiation, and by transferring and diluting cells with fresh medium (the dilution effect). Box-L-like sequences are known as important cis-elements of genes for enzymes involved in the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway. Six sequences, box-L0 to box-L5, exist in the DcPAL1 gene promoter region. In this study, we isolated cDNA encoding the R2R3 type of MYB transcription factor, DcMYB1, using yeast one-hybrid screening with box-L1 or box-L5 as target elements. DcMYB1 bound to boxes-L0, L1, L3/4, and L5 sequences (ACC(A/T)(A/T)CC) in␣vitro, and in yeast cells and carrot protoplasts. Transient expression of DcMYB1 could up-regulate DcPAL1 promoter activity in carrot protoplasts. Results of the transient expression experiment for the deletion-mutated promoters of boxes-L0, L1, L3, and L5 suggest that these box-L-like sequences were required for the complete activation of the DcPAL1 promoter by DcMYB1. Expression of DcMYB1 transcripts was induced 0.5 h after elicitor treatment or UV-B irradiation, and 2 h after the dilution effect. Induction of DcPAL1 expression occurred 1 h after DcMYB1 expression in all stress treatments, and repression of DcMYB1 expression by RNA interference caused cessation of the up-regulation of DcPAL1 expression in the elicitor treatment or with UV-B irradiation. These results suggest that DcMYB1 is the main regulatory factor acting on box-L sequences in the DcPAL1 gene that respond to environmental cues. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

DcMYB1 Acts as a Transcriptional Activator of the Carrot Phenylalanine Ammonia-lyase Gene (DcPAL1) in Response to Elicitor Treatment, UV-B Irradiation and the Dilution Effect

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/dcmyb1-acts-as-a-transcriptional-activator-of-the-carrot-phenylalanine-cYJ7FEIuoi
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-005-0910-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Expression of a carrot phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) gene (DcPAL1) in suspension-cultured carrot cells is induced by treatment with a fungal elicitor, ultraviolet B (UV-B) irradiation, and by transferring and diluting cells with fresh medium (the dilution effect). Box-L-like sequences are known as important cis-elements of genes for enzymes involved in the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway. Six sequences, box-L0 to box-L5, exist in the DcPAL1 gene promoter region. In this study, we isolated cDNA encoding the R2R3 type of MYB transcription factor, DcMYB1, using yeast one-hybrid screening with box-L1 or box-L5 as target elements. DcMYB1 bound to boxes-L0, L1, L3/4, and L5 sequences (ACC(A/T)(A/T)CC) in␣vitro, and in yeast cells and carrot protoplasts. Transient expression of DcMYB1 could up-regulate DcPAL1 promoter activity in carrot protoplasts. Results of the transient expression experiment for the deletion-mutated promoters of boxes-L0, L1, L3, and L5 suggest that these box-L-like sequences were required for the complete activation of the DcPAL1 promoter by DcMYB1. Expression of DcMYB1 transcripts was induced 0.5 h after elicitor treatment or UV-B irradiation, and 2 h after the dilution effect. Induction of DcPAL1 expression occurred 1 h after DcMYB1 expression in all stress treatments, and repression of DcMYB1 expression by RNA interference caused cessation of the up-regulation of DcPAL1 expression in the elicitor treatment or with UV-B irradiation. These results suggest that DcMYB1 is the main regulatory factor acting on box-L sequences in the DcPAL1 gene that respond to environmental cues.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 14, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off