DCL is a plant-specific protein required for plastid ribosomal RNA processing and embryo development

DCL is a plant-specific protein required for plastid ribosomal RNA processing and embryo development The defective chloroplast and leaf-mutable (dcl-m) mutation of tomato blocks chloroplast differentiation in leaf mesophyll cells and a signaling system that appears to be required for morphogenesis of palisade cells during leaf growth. To dissect the function of DCL, mutants with stable dcl alleles (dcl-s) were generated and examined for their phenotype. DCL/dcl-s plant produce dcl-s/dcl-s seeds with embryos arrested at the globular stage of development. The levels of several chloroplast- and nuclear-encoded proteins are strongly reduced in dcl-m mutant leaf sectors without significant changes in their corresponding mRNAs. The 4.5S rRNA fails to be processed efficiently, however, suggesting that DCL has a direct or indirect function in rRNA processing or correct ribosome assembly. Accordingly, chloroplasts in dcl-m sectors are impaired in polysome assembly, which can explain the reduced accumulation of chloroplast-encoded proteins. These results suggest that DCL is required for chloroplast rRNA processing, and emphasize the importance of plastid function during embryogenesis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

DCL is a plant-specific protein required for plastid ribosomal RNA processing and embryo development

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:PLAN.0000019061.79773.06
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The defective chloroplast and leaf-mutable (dcl-m) mutation of tomato blocks chloroplast differentiation in leaf mesophyll cells and a signaling system that appears to be required for morphogenesis of palisade cells during leaf growth. To dissect the function of DCL, mutants with stable dcl alleles (dcl-s) were generated and examined for their phenotype. DCL/dcl-s plant produce dcl-s/dcl-s seeds with embryos arrested at the globular stage of development. The levels of several chloroplast- and nuclear-encoded proteins are strongly reduced in dcl-m mutant leaf sectors without significant changes in their corresponding mRNAs. The 4.5S rRNA fails to be processed efficiently, however, suggesting that DCL has a direct or indirect function in rRNA processing or correct ribosome assembly. Accordingly, chloroplasts in dcl-m sectors are impaired in polysome assembly, which can explain the reduced accumulation of chloroplast-encoded proteins. These results suggest that DCL is required for chloroplast rRNA processing, and emphasize the importance of plastid function during embryogenesis.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 2003

References

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