Dangerous ice phenomena on the lowland rivers of European Russia

Dangerous ice phenomena on the lowland rivers of European Russia In the Russian climate, the security of populations and economic security are often limited by dangerous ice phenomena. Not only ice-jam floods, but also some processes lead to the violation of operating conditions of various facilities (water intakes, roads, bridges) and damage hydraulic structures and shipping. Currently, rivers’ ice regime characteristics change under the influence of both natural (primarily climatic) and anthropogenic factors. Changes have been analyzed in detail on the basis of observations of 300 hydrological stations in the period from 1936 to 2013. Changes of ice phenomena hazards have been estimated. Hazard assessment of flooding caused by ice jams has been carried out for the Northern Dvina River reach from the Velikiy Ustyug City to Kotlas, the most problematic ice jam flooding area in European Russia. The modeling was performed on the basis of STREAM_2D software complex for current conditions and taking into account the possible construction of various protective structures. Methods for the prevention of negative impact of water at the site are examined. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Natural Hazards Springer Journals

Dangerous ice phenomena on the lowland rivers of European Russia

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Earth Sciences; Natural Hazards; Hydrogeology; Geophysics/Geodesy; Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences; Civil Engineering; Environmental Management
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial