Daily transient discontinuation of extracorporeal LVAD to prevent thromboembolism of mechanical aortic valve prosthesis

Daily transient discontinuation of extracorporeal LVAD to prevent thromboembolism of mechanical... Patients with mechanical aortic valves are generally contraindicated for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) insertion because the prosthetic valve often becomes fixed in closed position. A 41-year-old woman with mechanical aortic valve prosthesis experienced sudden chest pain and developed cardiogenic shock. A paracorporeal pulsatile LVAD and a monopivot centrifugal pump as a right VAD (RVAD) were implanted. The mechanical aortic valve was intentionally left in place. Soon after the operation, LVAD support was discontinued daily for few seconds to allow the mechanical aortic valve to open and to avoid thrombus formation. The patient was successfully weaned off RVAD and received anticoagulation therapy with warfarin. On postoperative day 141, she was transferred to a university hospital where a HeartMate II LVAD was implanted, and the aortic valve was successfully replaced with a bioprosthetic valve. The patient is currently awaiting heart transplantation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Artificial Organs Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Cardiac Surgery; Nephrology; Biomedical Engineering
ISSN
1434-7229
eISSN
1619-0904
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10047-017-0963-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Patients with mechanical aortic valves are generally contraindicated for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) insertion because the prosthetic valve often becomes fixed in closed position. A 41-year-old woman with mechanical aortic valve prosthesis experienced sudden chest pain and developed cardiogenic shock. A paracorporeal pulsatile LVAD and a monopivot centrifugal pump as a right VAD (RVAD) were implanted. The mechanical aortic valve was intentionally left in place. Soon after the operation, LVAD support was discontinued daily for few seconds to allow the mechanical aortic valve to open and to avoid thrombus formation. The patient was successfully weaned off RVAD and received anticoagulation therapy with warfarin. On postoperative day 141, she was transferred to a university hospital where a HeartMate II LVAD was implanted, and the aortic valve was successfully replaced with a bioprosthetic valve. The patient is currently awaiting heart transplantation.

Journal

Journal of Artificial OrgansSpringer Journals

Published: May 9, 2017

References

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