Although there are a multitude of aromaticity indexes, only a few have a widespread usage. All famous aromaticity indexes are limited: HOMA and FLU are reference-dependent; ELF is π-bond-dependent; PDI is structurally dependent and NICS is ring size dependent. These limitations stimulate the continuous search for better (i.e., having no dependency), more flexible (i.e., applied to any aromatic system) and more effective (i.e., with excellent correlations with other indexes) aromaticity indexes. The D3BIA was our first topological aromaticity index. It is flexible, reference-independent and effective for planar and caged aromatic molecules. However, one of its terms, the degree of degeneracy (δ), is arbitrary and difficult to carry out for new users. Thus, in this work, we show that D2BIA—an improved version of D3BIA—is a good candidate to be used widely, since it retains the strong points of D3BIA while avoiding its weak point. In particular cases where all studied systems have δ = 1 (e.g., for acenes), then D2BIA equals D3BIA. For our recent study with acenes, D3BIA (and, as a consequence, D2BIA) has (have) an excellent correlation with FLU according to the MP3 method. In this work, by using DFT calculations for a series involving several six-membered and five-membered heteroaromatic rings, only D2BIA and NICS have very good correlation. All other well known aromaticity indexes used in this work (FLU, HOMA and ELF) gave poor correlations. As to homoaromatic systems, only D2BIA vs NICS and D2BIA vs FLU plots have excellent correlations. HOMA has the worst results in this series. Thus, D2BIA proved to be flexible and effective for the analysis of heteroaromatic rings of different sizes and for caged homoaromatic systems. Moreover, D2BIA has better correlations than D3BIA for planar aromatic systems, and same correlations for caged-homoaromatic systems.
Journal of Molecular Modeling – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 7, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera