Piperidines are a relatively novel class of calcium channel blockers which act at a unique receptor site associated with the calcium channel α1 subunit. Calcium channel blocking affinities ranging from subnanomolar to several hundred micromolar have been reported in the literature, suggesting that piperidine block is highly sensitive to the cellular environment experienced by the channel. Here, I have investigated some of the cytoplasmic determinants of haloperidol block of N-type calcium channels expressed in human embryonic kidney cells. In perforated patch clamp recordings, haloperidol blocks N-type calcium channels with an inhibition constant of 120 μM. Upon internal dialysis with chloride containing pipette solution, the blocking affinity increases by 40-fold. This effect could be attributed in part to the presence of internal chloride ions, as replacement of intracellular chloride with methanesulfonate reduced haloperidol blocking affinity by almost one order of magnitude. Tonic inhibition of N-type channels by Gβγ subunits further enhanced the blocking effects of haloperidol, suggesting the possibility of direct effects of Gβγ binding on the local environment of the piperidine receptor site. Overall, depending on the cytoplasmic environment experienced by the channel, the blocking affinity of N-type calcium channels for haloperidol may vary by more than two orders of magnitude. Thus, absolute blocking affinities at the piperidine receptor site must be interpreted cautiously and in the context of the particular experimental setting.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 15, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera