Cytoplasmic Determinants of Piperidine Blocking Affinity for N-type Calcium Channels

Cytoplasmic Determinants of Piperidine Blocking Affinity for N-type Calcium Channels Piperidines are a relatively novel class of calcium channel blockers which act at a unique receptor site associated with the calcium channel α1 subunit. Calcium channel blocking affinities ranging from subnanomolar to several hundred micromolar have been reported in the literature, suggesting that piperidine block is highly sensitive to the cellular environment experienced by the channel. Here, I have investigated some of the cytoplasmic determinants of haloperidol block of N-type calcium channels expressed in human embryonic kidney cells. In perforated patch clamp recordings, haloperidol blocks N-type calcium channels with an inhibition constant of 120 μM. Upon internal dialysis with chloride containing pipette solution, the blocking affinity increases by 40-fold. This effect could be attributed in part to the presence of internal chloride ions, as replacement of intracellular chloride with methanesulfonate reduced haloperidol blocking affinity by almost one order of magnitude. Tonic inhibition of N-type channels by Gβγ subunits further enhanced the blocking effects of haloperidol, suggesting the possibility of direct effects of Gβγ binding on the local environment of the piperidine receptor site. Overall, depending on the cytoplasmic environment experienced by the channel, the blocking affinity of N-type calcium channels for haloperidol may vary by more than two orders of magnitude. Thus, absolute blocking affinities at the piperidine receptor site must be interpreted cautiously and in the context of the particular experimental setting. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Cytoplasmic Determinants of Piperidine Blocking Affinity for N-type Calcium Channels

Loading next page...
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial