Cytopathogenicity of pestiviruses: cleavage of bovine viral diarrhea virus NS2-3 has to occur at a defined position to allow viral replication

Cytopathogenicity of pestiviruses: cleavage of bovine viral diarrhea virus NS2-3 has to occur at... Despite of highly divergent genome organizations, the N terminus of nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) is highly conserved between cytopathogenic (cp) bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) strains. Generation of NS3, often by NS2-3 cleavage, is a marker of cp BVDV. The significance of the cleavage site within NS2-3 for viral replication was addressed by the use of BVDV replicons. Our results demonstrate that elongation as well as truncation of NS3 strongly interfere with viral RNA replication. This finding strongly suggests that the observed conservation of the N terminus of NS3 between cp BVDV is caused by functional selection and not by the presence of a hotspot of recombination. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Cytopathogenicity of pestiviruses: cleavage of bovine viral diarrhea virus NS2-3 has to occur at a defined position to allow viral replication

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-003-0106-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Despite of highly divergent genome organizations, the N terminus of nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) is highly conserved between cytopathogenic (cp) bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) strains. Generation of NS3, often by NS2-3 cleavage, is a marker of cp BVDV. The significance of the cleavage site within NS2-3 for viral replication was addressed by the use of BVDV replicons. Our results demonstrate that elongation as well as truncation of NS3 strongly interfere with viral RNA replication. This finding strongly suggests that the observed conservation of the N terminus of NS3 between cp BVDV is caused by functional selection and not by the presence of a hotspot of recombination.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2003

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