Cytokinin-Regulated Mesophyll Cell Division and Expansion during Development of Cucurbita pepo Leaves

Cytokinin-Regulated Mesophyll Cell Division and Expansion during Development of Cucurbita pepo... The role of cytokinins in the development of mesophyll structure was studied in developing pumpkin Cucurbita pepo L. leaves. Leaves were treated with cytokinins at different stages of growth: when they reached 25 or 50% of their final size (S max), immediately after leaf growth ceased, and during senescence. At the early stages of leaf development, treatment with exogenous benzyladenine accelerated division of mesophyll cells. At the later stages of development, BA treatment activated expansion of growing cells and those, which have just accomplished their growth. The exogenous cytokinin did not affect the senescent leaf cells. The content of endogenous cytokinins changed during mesophyll development. The juvenile leaves (25% of S max) were characterized by low level of these phytohormones. In the expanding leaves (50% of S max), the content of phytohormones increased and decreased when leaf growth ceased. In the senescent leaves, the cytokinin content decreased markedly. It was concluded that the response of mesophyll cells to cytokinin depended on the cell growth phase at the moment of hormone action. Furthermore, in the young leaves, lower cytokinin concentrations were required for division of mesophyll cells in vivo than for cell expansion at the final stage of leaf development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Cytokinin-Regulated Mesophyll Cell Division and Expansion during Development of Cucurbita pepo Leaves

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1025692224770
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The role of cytokinins in the development of mesophyll structure was studied in developing pumpkin Cucurbita pepo L. leaves. Leaves were treated with cytokinins at different stages of growth: when they reached 25 or 50% of their final size (S max), immediately after leaf growth ceased, and during senescence. At the early stages of leaf development, treatment with exogenous benzyladenine accelerated division of mesophyll cells. At the later stages of development, BA treatment activated expansion of growing cells and those, which have just accomplished their growth. The exogenous cytokinin did not affect the senescent leaf cells. The content of endogenous cytokinins changed during mesophyll development. The juvenile leaves (25% of S max) were characterized by low level of these phytohormones. In the expanding leaves (50% of S max), the content of phytohormones increased and decreased when leaf growth ceased. In the senescent leaves, the cytokinin content decreased markedly. It was concluded that the response of mesophyll cells to cytokinin depended on the cell growth phase at the moment of hormone action. Furthermore, in the young leaves, lower cytokinin concentrations were required for division of mesophyll cells in vivo than for cell expansion at the final stage of leaf development.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 11, 2004

References

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