Cystatin C Is a Gender-Neutral Glomerular Filtration Rate Biomarker in Patients with Cirrhosis

Cystatin C Is a Gender-Neutral Glomerular Filtration Rate Biomarker in Patients with Cirrhosis Background Lower serum Cr levels in women as compared to men result in underestimation of renal dysfunction and lower model for end-stage liver disease-sodium scores leading to reduced access to liver transplantation in women compared to men with comparable hepatic dysfunction. Aim The aim of this study was to determine the gender differences in serum Cr, cystatin C, and other endogenous glomerular filtration rate (GFR) biomarkers, measured and estimated GFR, Cr clearance, and Cr production rates. Methods We measured GFR by iothalamate plasma clearance in 103 patients with cirrhosis and assessed gender differences in GFR, Cr clearance and production rate, serum Cr, cystatin C and other endogenous GFR biomarkers including beta-trace protein, beta-2 microglobulin, and dimethylarginines. Results Comparison of men and women showed significantly lower values for mean serum Cr (0.97 vs. 0.82 mg/dl, P = 0.023), and Cr production rate (13.37 vs. 11.02 mg/kg/day, P = 0.022). In contrast to the serum Cr and Cr production rate, men and women exhibited no significant differences in the means of serum cystatin C and other GFR biomarkers, measured GFR, GFR estimated using Cr–cystatin C GFR equation for cirrhosis, measured and estimated Cr clearances. After controlling for age, race, weight, height, and GFR, female gender remained associated http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Digestive Diseases and Sciences Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Gastroenterology; Hepatology; Oncology; Transplant Surgery; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0163-2116
eISSN
1573-2568
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10620-017-4897-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Lower serum Cr levels in women as compared to men result in underestimation of renal dysfunction and lower model for end-stage liver disease-sodium scores leading to reduced access to liver transplantation in women compared to men with comparable hepatic dysfunction. Aim The aim of this study was to determine the gender differences in serum Cr, cystatin C, and other endogenous glomerular filtration rate (GFR) biomarkers, measured and estimated GFR, Cr clearance, and Cr production rates. Methods We measured GFR by iothalamate plasma clearance in 103 patients with cirrhosis and assessed gender differences in GFR, Cr clearance and production rate, serum Cr, cystatin C and other endogenous GFR biomarkers including beta-trace protein, beta-2 microglobulin, and dimethylarginines. Results Comparison of men and women showed significantly lower values for mean serum Cr (0.97 vs. 0.82 mg/dl, P = 0.023), and Cr production rate (13.37 vs. 11.02 mg/kg/day, P = 0.022). In contrast to the serum Cr and Cr production rate, men and women exhibited no significant differences in the means of serum cystatin C and other GFR biomarkers, measured GFR, GFR estimated using Cr–cystatin C GFR equation for cirrhosis, measured and estimated Cr clearances. After controlling for age, race, weight, height, and GFR, female gender remained associated

Journal

Digestive Diseases and SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2018

References

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