The non-reacting flow in a one-cylinder four-valve combustion engine is measured via cycle resolved two-component/two-dimensional (2C/2D) particle-image velocimetry (PIV). The three-dimensional structure of the velocity field is analyzed based on the flow field measured in eight planar planes within the cylinder for several crank angles during the intake and compression phase. Using the mean and statistical values of the single planes quasi three-dimensional flow fields are reconstructed for crank angles of 80°, 160°, and 240° atdc. This enables the detailed analysis of the spatial distribution of the large and small scale flow structures, e.g., by visualizing large vortical structures and the distribution of the turbulent kinetic energy. It was found that two ring vortices evolving beneath the inlet valves are the dominant large scale structures that seem to be of major concern for the mixing process in the cylinder of a four-valve combustion engine operated at 1500 rpm. Furthermore, the temporal evolution of the flow field within the symmetry plane of the cylinder, measured for crank angles between 40° and 320° atdc in steps of 20°, is discussed. The results give new insight into the complex three-dimensional flow in the combustion chamber of a one-cylinder four-valve combustion engine. That is, the tumble vortex only seems to be of secondary importance for the flow concerning the mixing process at 1500 rpm. This is an essential result for future work considering the fluid mechanics of fuel-air-interaction processes and mixing principles in combustion engines.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 31, 2010
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