Cyanide-and rotenone-resistant respiration in mitochondria of sugar beet taproots during plant growth and development

Cyanide-and rotenone-resistant respiration in mitochondria of sugar beet taproots during plant... Effects of cyanide and rotenone were examined on respiration (oxygen uptake) in mitochondria isolated from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) taproots at various stages of plant growth and development. In mitochondria from growing and cool-stored taproots, the ability of cyanide-resistant, salicylhydroxamic acid-sensitive alternative oxidase (AO) to oxidize malate, succinate, and other substrates of tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) was low and constituted less than 10% compared to predominant activity of the cytochrome oxidase pathway during State 3 respiration. Artificial aging of storage tissue (2-day incubation of tissue sections under high humidity at 20°C) substantially activated AO, but the highest capacity (V alt) of this pathway of mitochondrial oxidation was only observed in the presence of pyruvate and a reducing agent dithiothreitol. At the same time, mitochondria from growing taproots exhibited high rates of rotenone-resistant respiration, and these rates gradually declined during plant growth and development. The slowest rates of this respiration were observed during oxidation of NAD-dependent TCA substrates in mitochondria from dormant storage organ. The results are discussed in relation to significance of alternative electron transport pathways during growth and storage of sugar beet taproots. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Cyanide-and rotenone-resistant respiration in mitochondria of sugar beet taproots during plant growth and development

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/cyanide-and-rotenone-resistant-respiration-in-mitochondria-of-sugar-Vn00x08ny2
Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443706040030
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Effects of cyanide and rotenone were examined on respiration (oxygen uptake) in mitochondria isolated from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) taproots at various stages of plant growth and development. In mitochondria from growing and cool-stored taproots, the ability of cyanide-resistant, salicylhydroxamic acid-sensitive alternative oxidase (AO) to oxidize malate, succinate, and other substrates of tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) was low and constituted less than 10% compared to predominant activity of the cytochrome oxidase pathway during State 3 respiration. Artificial aging of storage tissue (2-day incubation of tissue sections under high humidity at 20°C) substantially activated AO, but the highest capacity (V alt) of this pathway of mitochondrial oxidation was only observed in the presence of pyruvate and a reducing agent dithiothreitol. At the same time, mitochondria from growing taproots exhibited high rates of rotenone-resistant respiration, and these rates gradually declined during plant growth and development. The slowest rates of this respiration were observed during oxidation of NAD-dependent TCA substrates in mitochondria from dormant storage organ. The results are discussed in relation to significance of alternative electron transport pathways during growth and storage of sugar beet taproots.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 7, 2006

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off