The state of steel-melting production in Ukraine in 1991–1995 is considered. About 50% of the steel is produced in open-hearth furnaces. The imperfect structure of steel-melting production, the low quality of the refractory materials used, and the unstable operating conditions of steel-melting equipment determine the high specific consumption of magnesia refractories which exceeds that in the leading industrial countries by a factor of 2–3. The volume of out-of-furnace treatment of steel by the LF, AOD, ACEA—CKF, and VKO processes does not exceed 1% of the total yield.
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 27, 2007
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera