Cu(acac)2–PVA composite nanofibers in catalysis of Michael addition of carbon nucleophiles to α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds

Cu(acac)2–PVA composite nanofibers in catalysis of Michael addition of carbon nucleophiles to... Copper (II) acetylacetonate containing nanofibers of polyvinyl alcohol (Cu(acac)2–PVA) were prepared by electrospinning and characterized using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The obtained nanofibers were almost uniform and uniaxially aligned with their longitudinal axes oriented randomly and no entanglement was observed between them. It was also found that Cu(acac)2 was embedded as distinct nanoparticles inside and over the walls of the nanofibers. The obtained nanocomposite was successfully used as a recoverable heterogeneous catalyst in the Michael addition reaction of carbon nucleophiles such as malononitrile, indole and 2-methylindole to various α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds. The Michael addition reaction proceeded smoothly at room temperature in dry THF. Under very mild reaction conditions, good to excellent yields of the desired products were obtained. Although one favorable feature of the catalyst was ease of recycling, a minor decrease in its efficiency during successive runs was observed. It was found that 7% decrease in efficiency after four successive runs may be due to the slight leaching of Cu(acac)2 into the solution based on an ICP analysis of the recovered catalyst of the fourth run. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Iranian Polymer Journal Springer Journals

Cu(acac)2–PVA composite nanofibers in catalysis of Michael addition of carbon nucleophiles to α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/cu-acac-2-pva-composite-nanofibers-in-catalysis-of-michael-addition-of-ozry0HH47m
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials
ISSN
1026-1265
eISSN
1735-5265
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13726-017-0536-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial