Copper (II) acetylacetonate containing nanofibers of polyvinyl alcohol (Cu(acac)2–PVA) were prepared by electrospinning and characterized using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The obtained nanofibers were almost uniform and uniaxially aligned with their longitudinal axes oriented randomly and no entanglement was observed between them. It was also found that Cu(acac)2 was embedded as distinct nanoparticles inside and over the walls of the nanofibers. The obtained nanocomposite was successfully used as a recoverable heterogeneous catalyst in the Michael addition reaction of carbon nucleophiles such as malononitrile, indole and 2-methylindole to various α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds. The Michael addition reaction proceeded smoothly at room temperature in dry THF. Under very mild reaction conditions, good to excellent yields of the desired products were obtained. Although one favorable feature of the catalyst was ease of recycling, a minor decrease in its efficiency during successive runs was observed. It was found that 7% decrease in efficiency after four successive runs may be due to the slight leaching of Cu(acac)2 into the solution based on an ICP analysis of the recovered catalyst of the fourth run.
Iranian Polymer Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2017
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