Crystal structures of rice (Oryza sativa) glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase complexes with NAD and sulfate suggest involvement of Phe37 in NAD binding for catalysis

Crystal structures of rice (Oryza sativa) glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase complexes with... Cytosolic Oryza sativa glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (OsGAPDH), the enzyme involved in the ubiquitous glycolysis, catalyzes the oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to 1,3-biphosphoglycerate (BPG) using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) as an electron acceptor. We report crystal structures of OsGAPDH in three conditions of NAD-free, NAD-bound and sulfate-soaked forms to discuss the molecular determinants for coenzyme specificity. The structure of OsGAPDH showed a homotetramer form with each monomer comprising three domains—NAD-binding, catalytic and S-loop domains. NAD binds to each OsGAPDH subunits with some residues forming positively charged grooves that attract sulfate anions, as a simulation of phosphate groups in the product BPG. Phe37 not only forms a bottleneck to improve NAD-binding but also combines with Pro193 and Asp35 as key conserved residues for NAD-specificity in OsGAPDH. The binding of NAD alters the side-chain conformation of Phe37 with a 90° rotation related to the adenine moiety of NAD, concomitant with clamping the active site about 0.6 Å from the “open” to “closed” form, producing an increased affinity specific for NAD. Phe37 exists only in higher organisms, whereas it is replaced by other residues (Thr or Leu) with smaller side chains in lower organisms, which makes a greater distance between Leu34 and NAD of E. coli GAPDH than that between Phe37 and NAD of OsGAPDH. We demonstrated that Phe37 plays a crucial role in stabilizing NAD binding or intermediating of apo-holo transition, resulting in a greater NAD-dependent catalytic efficiency using site-directed mutagenesis. Phe37 might be introduced by evolution generating a catalytic advantage in cytosolic GAPDH. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Crystal structures of rice (Oryza sativa) glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase complexes with NAD and sulfate suggest involvement of Phe37 in NAD binding for catalysis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/crystal-structures-of-rice-oryza-sativa-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-d6DwEoxJhY
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Pathology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-012-9953-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cytosolic Oryza sativa glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (OsGAPDH), the enzyme involved in the ubiquitous glycolysis, catalyzes the oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to 1,3-biphosphoglycerate (BPG) using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) as an electron acceptor. We report crystal structures of OsGAPDH in three conditions of NAD-free, NAD-bound and sulfate-soaked forms to discuss the molecular determinants for coenzyme specificity. The structure of OsGAPDH showed a homotetramer form with each monomer comprising three domains—NAD-binding, catalytic and S-loop domains. NAD binds to each OsGAPDH subunits with some residues forming positively charged grooves that attract sulfate anions, as a simulation of phosphate groups in the product BPG. Phe37 not only forms a bottleneck to improve NAD-binding but also combines with Pro193 and Asp35 as key conserved residues for NAD-specificity in OsGAPDH. The binding of NAD alters the side-chain conformation of Phe37 with a 90° rotation related to the adenine moiety of NAD, concomitant with clamping the active site about 0.6 Å from the “open” to “closed” form, producing an increased affinity specific for NAD. Phe37 exists only in higher organisms, whereas it is replaced by other residues (Thr or Leu) with smaller side chains in lower organisms, which makes a greater distance between Leu34 and NAD of E. coli GAPDH than that between Phe37 and NAD of OsGAPDH. We demonstrated that Phe37 plays a crucial role in stabilizing NAD binding or intermediating of apo-holo transition, resulting in a greater NAD-dependent catalytic efficiency using site-directed mutagenesis. Phe37 might be introduced by evolution generating a catalytic advantage in cytosolic GAPDH.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 18, 2012

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off