Curr Trop Med Rep (2017) 4:178–183 DOI 10.1007/s40475-017-0122-6 NUTRITION (K SCHLOSSER MONTES, SECTION EDITOR) Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora Diarrheal Infection in Malnourished Children: a Nutritional Approach 1 2 María A. Echevarría & María L. Eva Published online: 20 July 2017 Springer International Publishing AG 2017 Abstract dietary modifications. Prevention strategies include safe wa- Purpose of Review Over two million children under 5 years of ter, sanitation, hygiene, and breastfeeding. age die each year in developing countries because of acute . . . diarrhea. Cyclospora and Cryptosporidium are parasites rec- Keywords Cryptosporidium Cyclospora Diarrhea ognized as a major cause of diarrhea in children and immuno- Malnourished children compromised patients. The clinical expression of the para- sites, however, is mainly determined by host defenses, and when they are weakened, parasitic diarrhea is frequent and Introduction severe. Protein-energy malnutrition is by far the most impor- tant cause of immune deficiency in developing countries. The Tropical diseases occur mainly in the tropics because of the purpose of this review is to consolidate the main nutritional hot and humid climate, including countries in Central interventions in malnourished children in developing coun- America, Caribbean, and South America. tries with diarrheal infection by Cyclospora and Cyclospora cayetanesis
Current Tropical Medicine Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 20, 2017
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