Cryptanalysis and improvement of verifiable quantum (k,n) secret sharing

Cryptanalysis and improvement of verifiable quantum (k,n) secret sharing After analyzing Yang’s verifiable quantum secret sharing (VQSS) scheme, we show that in their scheme a participant can prepare a false quantum particle sequence corresponding to a forged share, while other any participant cannot trace it. In addition, an attacker or a participant can forge a new quantum sequence by transforming an intercepted quantum sequence; moreover, the forged sequence can pass the verification of other participants. So we propose a new VQSS scheme to improve the existed one. In the improved scheme, we construct an identity-based quantum signature encryption algorithm, which ensures chosen plaintext attack security of the shares and their signatures transmitted in the quantum tunnel. We employ dual quantum signature and one-way function to trace against forgery and repudiation of the deceivers (dealer or participants). Furthermore, we add the reconstruction process of quantum secret and prove the security property against superposition attack in this process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Cryptanalysis and improvement of verifiable quantum (k,n) secret sharing

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-015-1199-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

After analyzing Yang’s verifiable quantum secret sharing (VQSS) scheme, we show that in their scheme a participant can prepare a false quantum particle sequence corresponding to a forged share, while other any participant cannot trace it. In addition, an attacker or a participant can forge a new quantum sequence by transforming an intercepted quantum sequence; moreover, the forged sequence can pass the verification of other participants. So we propose a new VQSS scheme to improve the existed one. In the improved scheme, we construct an identity-based quantum signature encryption algorithm, which ensures chosen plaintext attack security of the shares and their signatures transmitted in the quantum tunnel. We employ dual quantum signature and one-way function to trace against forgery and repudiation of the deceivers (dealer or participants). Furthermore, we add the reconstruction process of quantum secret and prove the security property against superposition attack in this process.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 12, 2015

References

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