Crustal deformation rates in Assam Valley, Shillong Plateau, Eastern Himalaya, and Indo-Burmese region from 11years (2002–2013) of GPS measurements

Crustal deformation rates in Assam Valley, Shillong Plateau, Eastern Himalaya, and Indo-Burmese... The present study reports the contemporary deformation of the tectonically complex northeast India using 11 years (2002–2013) of GPS observations. The central Shillong Plateau and few sites north of Plateau located in Assam Valley behave like a rigid block with ~7 mm/year India-fixed southward velocity. The Euler pole of rotation of this central Shillong Plateau–Assam Valley (SH–AS) block is estimated to be at −25.1° ± 0.2°N, −97.8° ± 1.8°E with an angular velocity of 0.533° ± 0.10° Myr−1 relative to India-fixed reference frame. Kopili fault located between Shillong Plateau and Mikir massif records a dextral slip of 4.7 ± 1.3 mm/year with a locking depth of 10.2 ± 1.4 km indicating the fragmentation of Assam Valley across the fault. Presently, western edge of Mikir massif appears to be locked to Assam block indicating strain accumulation in this region. First-order elastic dislocation modelling of the GPS velocities estimates a slip rate of 16 mm/year along the Main Himalayan Thrust in Eastern Himalaya which is locked over a width of 130 km from the surface to a depth of 17 km with underthrusting Indian plate. Around ~9 mm/year arc-normal convergence is accommodated in Lesser Himalaya just south of Main Central Thrust indicating high strain accumulation. Out of 36 mm/year (SSE) India-Sunda plate motion, about ~16 mm/year motion is accommodated in Indo-Burmese Fold and Thrust Belt, both as normal convergence (~6 mm/year) and active slip (~7–11 mm/year) in this region. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Earth Sciences Springer Journals

Crustal deformation rates in Assam Valley, Shillong Plateau, Eastern Himalaya, and Indo-Burmese region from 11years (2002–2013) of GPS measurements

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Earth Sciences; Geology; Geophysics/Geodesy; Sedimentology; Structural Geology; Mineral Resources; Geochemistry
ISSN
1437-3254
eISSN
1437-3262
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00531-016-1407-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present study reports the contemporary deformation of the tectonically complex northeast India using 11 years (2002–2013) of GPS observations. The central Shillong Plateau and few sites north of Plateau located in Assam Valley behave like a rigid block with ~7 mm/year India-fixed southward velocity. The Euler pole of rotation of this central Shillong Plateau–Assam Valley (SH–AS) block is estimated to be at −25.1° ± 0.2°N, −97.8° ± 1.8°E with an angular velocity of 0.533° ± 0.10° Myr−1 relative to India-fixed reference frame. Kopili fault located between Shillong Plateau and Mikir massif records a dextral slip of 4.7 ± 1.3 mm/year with a locking depth of 10.2 ± 1.4 km indicating the fragmentation of Assam Valley across the fault. Presently, western edge of Mikir massif appears to be locked to Assam block indicating strain accumulation in this region. First-order elastic dislocation modelling of the GPS velocities estimates a slip rate of 16 mm/year along the Main Himalayan Thrust in Eastern Himalaya which is locked over a width of 130 km from the surface to a depth of 17 km with underthrusting Indian plate. Around ~9 mm/year arc-normal convergence is accommodated in Lesser Himalaya just south of Main Central Thrust indicating high strain accumulation. Out of 36 mm/year (SSE) India-Sunda plate motion, about ~16 mm/year motion is accommodated in Indo-Burmese Fold and Thrust Belt, both as normal convergence (~6 mm/year) and active slip (~7–11 mm/year) in this region.

Journal

International Journal of Earth SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 21, 2016

References

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