Critical Role of Tight Junctions in Drug Delivery across Epithelial and Endothelial Cell Layers

Critical Role of Tight Junctions in Drug Delivery across Epithelial and Endothelial Cell Layers Epithelia in multicellular organisms constitute the frontier that separates the individual from the environment. Epithelia are sites of exchange as well as barriers, for the transit of ions and molecules from and into the organism. Therapeutic agents, in order to reach their target, frequently need to cross epithelial and endothelial sheets. Two routes are available for such purpose: the transcellular and the paracellular pathways. The former is employed by lipophilic drugs and by molecules selectively transported by channels, pumps and carriers present in the plasma membrane. Hydrophilic molecules cannot cross biological membranes, therefore their transepithelial transport could be significantly enhanced if they moved through the paracellular pathway. Transit through this route is regulated by tight junctions (TJs). The discovery in recent years of the molecular mechanisms of the TJ has allowed the design of different procedures to open the paracellular route in a reversible manner. These strategies could be used to enhance drug delivery across epithelial and endothelial barriers. The procedures employed include the use of peptides homologous to external loops of integral TJ proteins, silencing the expression of TJ proteins with antisense oligonucleotides and siRNAs as well as the use of toxins and proteins derived from microorganisms that target TJ proteins. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Critical Role of Tight Junctions in Drug Delivery across Epithelial and Endothelial Cell Layers

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial