Creatine Kinase Elevations and Aggressive Behavior in Hospitalized Forensic Patients

Creatine Kinase Elevations and Aggressive Behavior in Hospitalized Forensic Patients The relationship between creatine kinase (CK) and aggressive behavior was tested in 195 males consecutively admitted to a forensic hospital. Among patients receiving antipsychotic medication, the most violent patients had higher CK levels than less violent patients. This was not the case in patients who did not receive antipsychotic medication. CK levels were not influenced by age, ethnicity, or clinical diagnosis. CK levels were however influenced by prior assaul-tiveness and restraints. When these two factors were controlled for, CK levels remained strongly associated with subsequent violence. CK appears to be a potential predictor of violent behavior. It has the advantage of easy availability in comparison to other biological markers of aggression (e.g., 5-H1AA). Prospective studies are needed to confirm the validity of this biobehavioral association. Psychiatric Quarterly Springer Journals

Creatine Kinase Elevations and Aggressive Behavior in Hospitalized Forensic Patients

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 1998 by Human Sciences Press, Inc.
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Public Health; Sociology, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial