Correspondence Arctic collaboration progress over the decades to of tackling this huge problem Happy 250th to a come. effectively. transcends tensions Colombian great Sammie Buzzard University William F. Laurance James Cook Of all world regions, the Arctic College London, UK. University, Cairns, Australia. This year is the 250th is the most sensitive to climate Joseph Cook University of firstname.lastname@example.org anniversary of the birth of the change and drives feedbacks Sheffield, UK. Colombian scientist, inventor, that amplify the effects of global Alexey Maslakov Lomonosov naturalist and astronomer, warming around the planet. Moscow State University, Russia Circular economy Francisco José de Caldas, who Understanding the Arctic relies email@example.com directed South America’s first creates new jobs on developing a better knowledge astronomical observatory, in of the hugely expansive Russian Governments are anticipating Bogotá (then in New Granada). Arctic regions, which offer Road mapping needs that people will be displaced In 1816, a Spanish general had unique opportunities to study from factory and service jobs Caldas shot in the back for AI experts landscape systems across large as intelligent systems are supporting independence of his latitudinal gradients, linked by As road building expands increasingly deployed. Smart country from Spain, claiming major river networks. globally, an automated system for environmental enterprises could that “Spain does not need However, these regions have detecting and mapping roads in offer a more sustainable approach savants”. The eminent scientist’s been something of a blind spot near-real time is urgently needed than solutions such as universal legacy proved otherwise. for the international community to plan land use and conservation pay, and provide employment. His pioneering contributions of Arctic scientists. This is management. Machine-learning In a circular economy include the invention of the due to access difficulties and or artificial-intelligence (AI) (see www.nature.com/ hypsometer for measuring to research findings going specialists must help to meet this thecirculareconomy), altitude, based on his unrecognized because of formidable challenge. commercial enterprises that observation that the boiling language barriers. Happily, Current road data are grossly reverse environmental damage, temperature of distilled water at a time of mounting political inadequate (see W. F. Laurance for example, are needed to is proportional to atmospheric tension between Russia and the et al. Nature 513, 229–232; 2014), deliver value in a new guise. pressure. He put this device United Kingdom, early-career and most mapping techniques This can take the form of a to good use as a participant Arctic scientists from both rely on visual interpretation by surcharge for certifying improved in the Botanical Expedition countries are working together. humans. Even the community- environmental conditions — for of New Granada (present-day Following workshops held in led OpenStreetMap initiative — instance, as a result of companies Colombia, Ecuador, Panama March at Lomonosov Moscow which aims to maintain accurate reusing materials from landfill, or and Venezuela), discovering State University and at the British maps of roads and many other cleaning up the environment after that organisms adapt along Antarctic Survey in Cambridge, built features — is patchy and manufacturing processes. altitudinal gradients in tropical UK, a group of these researchers suffers from systematic biases As with other start-ups, ecosystems. are now collaborating to remove among nations, regions and government support would be A passion for meteorology logistical hurdles and to combine biomes (www.openstreetmap. essential. Once in motion, these led Caldas to publish a paper complementary resources and org). The freely available, high- companies could follow their in 1808 in which he explored expertise. The workshops were resolution radar data sets being own competitive paths. Such the influence of the physical organized by the UK Natural collected globally in all weather ventures would also encourage environment on human Environment Research Council’s conditions under the European sustainability efforts among behaviour (F. J. D. Caldas Arctic Office, the UK Polar Union’s Copernicus Earth- conventional manufacturers. Semanario Nuevo Reino Granada Network, the Association of observation programme are We urgently need to apply 22, 200–207; 1808). His weather Polar Early Career Scientists in an important advance. such business concepts to observations also enabled others Russia and the UK Science and What we sorely need now sustainability. Landfill space to pin down the exact date Innovation Network. is a road-detection algorithm is running out and recyclable of a volcanic eruption in the Immediate challenges include that can discriminate between materials are piling up through tropics in 1808, which had been pooling knowledge that is paved and unpaved roads. a lack of capacity for handling suspected from sulfur isotopes scattered among publications Crucially, it would need to and processing. The proposed in ice cores but was not recorded in English or in Russian. operate consistently under enterprises would incorporate by eyewitnesses at the time (see Imminent outcomes include the varying topographical and design and business-development A. Guevara-Murua et al. Clim. organization of a conference in environmental conditions, and functions geared to launching Past 10, 1707–1722; 2014). the Russian Arctic, a database of be able to distinguish roads from products and services based on In the end, astronomy was funding sources, and guidelines other linear components such as waste and recyclable materials. his undoing. His Newtonian for working in the area (see low walls, irrigation ditches and Some business areas and jobs views on the Universe were go.nature.com/2jvdtnk). natural features. would have to be created because considered heretical in the This successful collaboration A road-detection algorithm they do not yet exist. For example, Spanish colonies at that demonstrates how science would be instrumental in the we need an effective process for time. And Caldas used the diplomacy can transcend the discovery of illegal roads that removing microplastics from soil, observatory as a cover for his hostility of government politics. are imperilling the world’s water and air. revolutionary activities. Such cooperation among early- most vulnerable ecosystems Andrew Kusiak The University César Marín Austral University career researchers now should and species. Authorities will of Iowa, Iowa City, USA. of Chile, Valdivia, Chile. advance scientific and social then stand a fighting chance firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com 30 | N A T U R E | V O L 558 | 7 J U N E 2018 © 201 8 Mac m ill an Publi shers Li m it ed, part of Spri nger Nat ur e. A ll ri ghts r eser ved.
Nature – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
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