Coupling of CFTR-mediated anion secretion to nucleoside transporters and adenosine homeostasis in calu-3 cells

Coupling of CFTR-mediated anion secretion to nucleoside transporters and adenosine homeostasis in... The purpose of this study was to characterize the role of adenosine-dependent regulation of anion secretion in Calu-3 cells. RT-PCR studies showed that Calu-3 cells expressed mRNA for A2a and A2B but not A1 or A3 receptors, and for hENTl, hENT2 and hCNT3 but not hCNTl or hCNT2 nucleoside transporters. Short-circuit current measurements indicated that A2b receptors were present in both apical and basolateral membranes, whereas A2a receptors were detected only in basolateral membranes. Uptake studies demonstrated that the majority of adenosine transport was mediated by hENTl, which was localized to both apical and basolateral membranes, with a smaller hENT2-mediated component in basolateral membranes. Whole-cell current measurements showed that application of extracellular nitrobenzylmercaptopurine ribonucleoside (NBMPR), a selective inhibitor of hENTl-mediated transport, had similar effects on whole-cell currents as the application of exogenous adenosine. Inhibitors of adenosine kinase and 5′-nucleotidase increased and decreased, respectively, whole-cell currents, whereas inhibition of adenosine deaminase had no effect. Single-channel studies showed that NBMPR and adenosine kinase inhibitors activated CFTR Cl- channels. These results suggested that the equilibrative nucleoside transporters (hENTl, hENT2) together with adenosine kinase and 5′-nucleotidase play a crucial role in the regulation of CFTR through an adenosine-dependent pathway in human airway epithelia. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Coupling of CFTR-mediated anion secretion to nucleoside transporters and adenosine homeostasis in calu-3 cells

Loading next page...
1
 
/lp/springer_journal/coupling-of-cftr-mediated-anion-secretion-to-nucleoside-transporters-Kwm2c7W0P0
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-002-1073-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to characterize the role of adenosine-dependent regulation of anion secretion in Calu-3 cells. RT-PCR studies showed that Calu-3 cells expressed mRNA for A2a and A2B but not A1 or A3 receptors, and for hENTl, hENT2 and hCNT3 but not hCNTl or hCNT2 nucleoside transporters. Short-circuit current measurements indicated that A2b receptors were present in both apical and basolateral membranes, whereas A2a receptors were detected only in basolateral membranes. Uptake studies demonstrated that the majority of adenosine transport was mediated by hENTl, which was localized to both apical and basolateral membranes, with a smaller hENT2-mediated component in basolateral membranes. Whole-cell current measurements showed that application of extracellular nitrobenzylmercaptopurine ribonucleoside (NBMPR), a selective inhibitor of hENTl-mediated transport, had similar effects on whole-cell currents as the application of exogenous adenosine. Inhibitors of adenosine kinase and 5′-nucleotidase increased and decreased, respectively, whole-cell currents, whereas inhibition of adenosine deaminase had no effect. Single-channel studies showed that NBMPR and adenosine kinase inhibitors activated CFTR Cl- channels. These results suggested that the equilibrative nucleoside transporters (hENTl, hENT2) together with adenosine kinase and 5′-nucleotidase play a crucial role in the regulation of CFTR through an adenosine-dependent pathway in human airway epithelia.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 25, 2002

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off