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Could IVIM and ADC help in predicting the KRAS status in patients with rectal cancer?

Could IVIM and ADC help in predicting the KRAS status in patients with rectal cancer? Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic potential of DW-MRI relative parameters for differentiation of rectal cancers with different Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue (KRAS) mutation status. Methods Fifty-one patients with rectal cancer underwent diffusion-weighted MR imaging with eight b values. ADCs (including Max-ADC, Min-ADC and Mean-ADC) and IVIM parameters (D, pure diffusion; f, perfusion fraction; D*, pseudodiffusion coefficient) were respectively calculated by mono- and bi-exponential analysis. Patients were stratified into two groups: KRAS wild type and mutant. The DW-MRI-derived parameters between the KRAS wild-type group and KRAS mutant group were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of discrimination between KRAS wild-type and KRAS mutant rectal cancer was performed for the DW-MRI-derived parameters. Results Max-ADC, Mean-ADC and D values were significantly lower in the KRAS mutant group than in the KRAS wild-type group, whereas a higher D* value was demonstrated in the KRAS mutant group. According to the ROC curve, Mean-ADC and D* values showed moderate diagnostic significance with the AUC values of 0.756 and 0.710, respectively. The cut-off values for -3 2 -3 2 Mean-ADC and D* were 1.43 × 10 mm /s and 26.58 × 10 mm /s, respectively. Conclusion Rectal cancers had distinctive http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Radiology Springer Journals

Could IVIM and ADC help in predicting the KRAS status in patients with rectal cancer?

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by European Society of Radiology
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Imaging / Radiology; Diagnostic Radiology; Interventional Radiology; Neuroradiology; Ultrasound; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0938-7994
eISSN
1432-1084
DOI
10.1007/s00330-018-5329-y
pmid
29450716
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic potential of DW-MRI relative parameters for differentiation of rectal cancers with different Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue (KRAS) mutation status. Methods Fifty-one patients with rectal cancer underwent diffusion-weighted MR imaging with eight b values. ADCs (including Max-ADC, Min-ADC and Mean-ADC) and IVIM parameters (D, pure diffusion; f, perfusion fraction; D*, pseudodiffusion coefficient) were respectively calculated by mono- and bi-exponential analysis. Patients were stratified into two groups: KRAS wild type and mutant. The DW-MRI-derived parameters between the KRAS wild-type group and KRAS mutant group were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of discrimination between KRAS wild-type and KRAS mutant rectal cancer was performed for the DW-MRI-derived parameters. Results Max-ADC, Mean-ADC and D values were significantly lower in the KRAS mutant group than in the KRAS wild-type group, whereas a higher D* value was demonstrated in the KRAS mutant group. According to the ROC curve, Mean-ADC and D* values showed moderate diagnostic significance with the AUC values of 0.756 and 0.710, respectively. The cut-off values for -3 2 -3 2 Mean-ADC and D* were 1.43 × 10 mm /s and 26.58 × 10 mm /s, respectively. Conclusion Rectal cancers had distinctive

Journal

European RadiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 15, 2018

References