Correlates of DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder Levels of Support Ratings in a Clinical Sample

Correlates of DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder Levels of Support Ratings in a Clinical Sample The DSM-5 features level of support ratings for social communication (SC) and restrictive and repetitive behaviors (RRB) for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We contrasted cognitive, adaptive, and autism severity scores across SC and RRB groups for 158 individuals with ASD diagnosed in a developmental disabilities clinic. Roughly 46% of indi- viduals were identified by licensed psychologists’ clinical judgement as needing Level 2 SC support and 49% were identified as needing Level 2 RRB support. No individuals were rated as needing a combination of Level 1/Level 3 supports across domains. MANOVA and direct discriminant analysis revealed that both SC and RRB groups showed a graded pattern of higher adaptation/lower autism severity to lower adaptation/higher autism severity from Level 1 to Level 3. Keywords Autism spectrum disorder · DSM-5 · Levels of support · Severity · Diagnosis Introduction spectrum disorder, the presentation of symptoms are diverse. Prognoses vary, in part, based on the severity of the symp- The diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder toms displayed. (ASD), as presented in the Diagnostic and Statistical Man- The DSM-5 features specifiers to describe individu- ual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5; American als’ symptom severity and needs for support in two areas, Psychiatric Association 2013), http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders Springer Journals

Correlates of DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder Levels of Support Ratings in a Clinical Sample

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Pediatrics; Neurosciences; Public Health
ISSN
0162-3257
eISSN
1573-3432
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10803-018-3620-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The DSM-5 features level of support ratings for social communication (SC) and restrictive and repetitive behaviors (RRB) for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We contrasted cognitive, adaptive, and autism severity scores across SC and RRB groups for 158 individuals with ASD diagnosed in a developmental disabilities clinic. Roughly 46% of indi- viduals were identified by licensed psychologists’ clinical judgement as needing Level 2 SC support and 49% were identified as needing Level 2 RRB support. No individuals were rated as needing a combination of Level 1/Level 3 supports across domains. MANOVA and direct discriminant analysis revealed that both SC and RRB groups showed a graded pattern of higher adaptation/lower autism severity to lower adaptation/higher autism severity from Level 1 to Level 3. Keywords Autism spectrum disorder · DSM-5 · Levels of support · Severity · Diagnosis Introduction spectrum disorder, the presentation of symptoms are diverse. Prognoses vary, in part, based on the severity of the symp- The diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder toms displayed. (ASD), as presented in the Diagnostic and Statistical Man- The DSM-5 features specifiers to describe individu- ual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5; American als’ symptom severity and needs for support in two areas, Psychiatric Association 2013),

Journal

Journal of Autism and Developmental DisordersSpringer Journals

Published: May 29, 2018

References

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