Coral recruitment success and sessile benthic colonisation estimation in Tioman Island Marine Park, Malaysia

Coral recruitment success and sessile benthic colonisation estimation in Tioman Island Marine... This study examined the implementation of designated artificial reef plates made of coral rubble, sand and plasters cement as a potential substrate in order to optimise the recruitment success at four reef sites in Tioman Island in Malaysia, namely Genting Village, Renggis Island, Teduh Bay and Juara Bay between April 2012 and June 2013. Recruitment was dominated by Acroporidae (65.48%), followed by Pocilloporidae (31.4%), Faviidae (2.34%), Poritidae (0.89%) and Fungiidae (0.19%). Terracotta tiles had significantly higher recruitment densities compared to artificial reef plates, and were further compared to artificial reef plates at each reef site (Mann Whitney U = 983.5, Z = −3.43, ρ < 0.05) during the initial settlement period. However, no significant difference was observed between both types of plates during the post-settlement period. Artificial reef plates exhibited a higher mean total benthic percentage cover compared to terracotta tiles during both settlement periods. These results might provide significant information on a proper substrate in order to optimise coral settlement. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Coastal Conservation Springer Journals

Coral recruitment success and sessile benthic colonisation estimation in Tioman Island Marine Park, Malaysia

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Geography; Geography, general; Coastal Sciences; Oceanography; Nature Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry
ISSN
1400-0350
eISSN
1874-7841
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11852-017-0555-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study examined the implementation of designated artificial reef plates made of coral rubble, sand and plasters cement as a potential substrate in order to optimise the recruitment success at four reef sites in Tioman Island in Malaysia, namely Genting Village, Renggis Island, Teduh Bay and Juara Bay between April 2012 and June 2013. Recruitment was dominated by Acroporidae (65.48%), followed by Pocilloporidae (31.4%), Faviidae (2.34%), Poritidae (0.89%) and Fungiidae (0.19%). Terracotta tiles had significantly higher recruitment densities compared to artificial reef plates, and were further compared to artificial reef plates at each reef site (Mann Whitney U = 983.5, Z = −3.43, ρ < 0.05) during the initial settlement period. However, no significant difference was observed between both types of plates during the post-settlement period. Artificial reef plates exhibited a higher mean total benthic percentage cover compared to terracotta tiles during both settlement periods. These results might provide significant information on a proper substrate in order to optimise coral settlement.

Journal

Journal of Coastal ConservationSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 30, 2017

References

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