ISSN 1070-4272, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2017, Vol. 90, No. 2, pp. 262−266. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2017.
Original Russian Text © K.G. Guliyev, A.M. Aliyeva, G.Z. Ponomareva, A.I. Sadygova, S.B. Mamedli, A.M. Guliyev,
2017, published in Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii,
2017, Vol. 90, No. 2, pp. 241−245.
AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
Copolymers Based on (p-Vinylphenyl)cyclopropylmethyl
Chlorocinnamate and Methyl Methacrylate
K. G. Guliyev*, A. M. Aliyeva, G. Z. Ponomareva, A. I. Sadygova,
S. B. Mamedli, and A. M. Guliyev
Institute of Polymeric Materials, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Sumgait, AZ5004 Azerbaijan
Received December 22, 2016
Abstract—Copolymers of (p-vinylphenyl)cyclopropylmethyl chlorocinnamate with methyl methacrylate were
prepared by radical copolymerization. The copolymerization constants were determined, and the Alfrey–Price
Q–e parameters were calculated. The possibility of photochemical cross-linking of the copolymer via double bond
conjugated with the carbonyl group in the chlorocinnamate moiety and via the cyclopropane ring was demon-
strated. The copolymer obtained exhibits sufﬁ ciently high photosensitivity (54.5 cm
) and high refractive index
1.5890), which opens prospects for using it as a photosensitive base of negative photoresists and in optics.
The development of efﬁ cient methods of controlled
synthesis under the conditions of radical initiation
is of much practical interest, because speciﬁ cally
copolymerization plays the key role in production of
polymer materials with the preset set of properties.
Among wide range of polymers consumed in
the world, there are polymers upon which stringent
requirements concerning photosensitivity and optical
properties are imposed.
The ﬁ rst and the main polymer used in optics is
poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) owing to favorable
combination of its properties (hardness, high chemical
stability, photosensitivity, weather resistance). These
properties allow this material to be used for lighting
Studies of polymers containing pendant groups
of complex structure with phenyl rings or cinnamate
moieties revealed their unique optical properties .
This study was aimed at preparing photosensitive
impact-resistant transparent optical materials of new
Much promise is shown in this respect by copoly-
mers containing cyclopropane units with reactive func-
tional groups, including cinnamate fragments. The new
copolymer was synthesized by copolymerization of
(PCPCC) and methyl methacrylate (ММА). We ex-
pected that this copolymer, combining the properties of
PCPCC and MMA, would exhibit improved properties.
Positive characteristics of such polymers are transpar-
ency, high refractive index, photosensitivity, hardness,
weather resistance, elasticity, and good adhesion. These
properties make photopolymeric materials very promis-
ing for microelectronics [3, 4].
Here we discuss the results of radical copolymerization
of PCPCC with MMA and the properties of the
The starting monomer, PCPCC, was prepared using
the procedure described in . The monomer purity
was checked by chromatography with an LKhM-8 MD
chromatograph; it was as high as 99.9%.
Copolymerization of the synthesized monomer
with MMA was performed in ampules in the