To gain insight into the regulatory mechanisms and the signals responsible for the adaptation of higher plants to conditions of varying sulfate availability, we have isolated from a sulfate- deprived root library maize cDNAs encoding sulfate permease (ZmST1) and ATP sulfurylase (ZmAS1), the two earliest components of the sulfur assimilation pathway. The levels of ZmST1 and ZmAS1 transcripts concomitantly increased in both roots and shoots of seedlings grown under sulfate-deprived conditions, and rapidly decreased when the external sulfate supply was restored. This coordinate response, which was not observed under conditions of limiting nitrate or phosphate, correlated with the depletion of glutathione, rather than sulfate stores. However, drastically reducing glutathione levels through treatment with buthionine sulfoximine, a specific inhibitor of γ-glutamyl cysteine synthetase, did not provide an adequate stimulus for the up- regulation of either sulfate permease or ATP sulfurylase messengers. Indeed, L-cysteine, but not D-cysteine, effectively down-regulated both transcripts when supplied to sulfur-deficient seedlings under conditions of blocked glutathione synthesis. Altogether, these data provide evidence for the coordinate regulation of sulfur assimilation mRNAs in higher plants and for the glutathione-independent involvement of cysteine as a stereospecific pretranslational modulator of the expression of sulfur status-responsive genes.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 29, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera