Cooperative Substrate Oxidation by Mitochondria from Castor Bean Hypocotyls

Cooperative Substrate Oxidation by Mitochondria from Castor Bean Hypocotyls Cooperative oxidation of succinate and exogenous NADH was followed in the mitochondria from five- to six-day-old castor bean (Ricinus communisL.) seedlings. Although succinate was oxidized at a much higher rate than NADH, the former inconsiderably (less than 15%) inhibited the oxidation of the latter substrate in state 4, while, in state 3 (in the presence of ATP), the two substrates did not compete and were jointly oxidized. When two substrates were oxidized by the mitochondria with the alternative CN-resistant oxidase (AO) inhibited with salicylhydroxamic acid, the rate of NADH oxidation in state 4 dropped by over 40% as compared to the initial rate. Meanwhile, the rate of succinate oxidation was not considerably affected by AO inhibition. We believe that one of the AO functions in the mitochondria is to provide for noncompeting oxidation of two (or more) substrates by employing two (or several) dehydrogenases of the respiratory chain. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Cooperative Substrate Oxidation by Mitochondria from Castor Bean Hypocotyls

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1009039831060
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cooperative oxidation of succinate and exogenous NADH was followed in the mitochondria from five- to six-day-old castor bean (Ricinus communisL.) seedlings. Although succinate was oxidized at a much higher rate than NADH, the former inconsiderably (less than 15%) inhibited the oxidation of the latter substrate in state 4, while, in state 3 (in the presence of ATP), the two substrates did not compete and were jointly oxidized. When two substrates were oxidized by the mitochondria with the alternative CN-resistant oxidase (AO) inhibited with salicylhydroxamic acid, the rate of NADH oxidation in state 4 dropped by over 40% as compared to the initial rate. Meanwhile, the rate of succinate oxidation was not considerably affected by AO inhibition. We believe that one of the AO functions in the mitochondria is to provide for noncompeting oxidation of two (or more) substrates by employing two (or several) dehydrogenases of the respiratory chain.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 10, 2004

References

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