Convective and diffusive surfactant transfer in multiphase liquid systems

Convective and diffusive surfactant transfer in multiphase liquid systems Laser interferometry was used to investigate diffusive and convective mass transfer in a multicomponent fluid mixture with a liquid–liquid or liquid–gas interface. For this purpose, an immobile gas bubble or insoluble fluid droplet, having the shape of a short cylinder with a free lateral surface, was inserted into a thin liquid layer. In the case of non-uniform distribution of the dissolved surfactant component, the Marangoni convection near the drop/bubble was initiated by the surface tension inhomogeneities, depending on the surfactant concentration. The applied experimental techniques allowed us to study the structure and evolution of the convective flows and concentration fields in a liquid layer, which due to its small thickness were nearly two-dimensional. Making use of both the vertical and horizontal orientation of the liquid layer, we investigated the mass transfer process at different levels of the interaction between gravity and capillary forces. During the experiments, we detected new solutocapillary phenomena, which were found to be caused by oscillatory regimes of solutal convection occurring around air bubbles and chlorobenzene drops in heterogeneous aqueous solutions of alcohol with a vertical surfactant concentration gradient. The role of the oscillatory instability in the processes of drop saturation by the surfactant from its water solution and an inverse process of surfactant extraction from the drop into the surrounding homogeneous fluid (water) was determined. A reasonable explanation for the driving mechanisms of the discovered effects has been proposed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Convective and diffusive surfactant transfer in multiphase liquid systems

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/convective-and-diffusive-surfactant-transfer-in-multiphase-liquid-LpxtxGA0E3
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Fluid- and Aerodynamics
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-011-1063-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial