Physical Oceanography, Vol.
1, May, 2011 (Ukrainian Original No.
1, January–February, 2011)
CONTROL OVER THE ECOLOGICAL-ECONOMIC PROCESSES
IN THE INTEGRAL MODEL OF THE COASTAL ZONE OF THE SEA
I. E. Timchenko
and E. M. Igumnova
We consider integral dynamic models of the ecological-economic systems of the coastal zone of the sea
aimed at the establishment of balance between the consumption and reproduction of marine biore-
sources. The models are constructed with the help of the systems approach according to which the eco-
nomic aims of the consumption of bioresources depend on the ecological state of marine media. Exam-
ples of control over the balance of ecological-economic processes based on the use of the integral crite-
ria of biodiversity and the level of pollution of marine media are presented. It is shown that the informa-
tion technology of control over the scenarios of ecological-economic processes enables us to estimate
the profitability of production of seafood under the conditions of use of a part of the profit for the pres-
ervation of marine bioresources.
Keywords: coastal zone of the sea, ecological-economic system, integral model.
The coastal zone of the sea is a complex social ecological-economic system whose development is, to a sig-
nificant extent, determined by the rational utilization of marine biological, mineral, and recreation resources.
The control over the sustainable development of the coastal zone should be based on the successive (step-by-
step) choice of scenarios of the processes characterizing the dynamics of the main types of resources in the
coastal zone satisfying both the criteria of economic growth of the production of goods and services and the
criteria of preservation of the ecological state of the environment. The problem of determination of the rational
balance of ecological-economic processes of development is quite complicated and requires the application of
systems approach to its solution [1–4].
The systems methodology of control over the sustainable development of ecological-economic systems of
the sea–dry-land type (including the natural-economic complexes of the coastal zones of the seas) was proposed
in numerous works [5–7]. The main attention in the cited works is focused on the methods of construction of
computer models of ecological-economic systems of the coastal zone of the sea, both simple for realization and
capable of the prediction of scenarios of development of the processes for various conditions of the economic
utilization of natural resources. The resource-oriented scenarios of development of this kind should be quite
helpful for the administrative authorities in the coastal zones of the seas responsible for the control over the
utilization of marine resources.
In the present work, we consider the problems of construction of the resource-oriented scenarios of nature
management in the coastal zones of the seas based on the balance of consumption and reproduction of the ma-
rine bioresources. The concepts of systems analysis are used to construct an integral model of control over the
environmental activities aimed the preservation of normal conditions for the reproduction of bioresources .
Marine Hydrophysical Institute, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Sevastopol, Ukraine.
Translated from Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zhurnal, No.
48–66, January–February, 2011. Original article submitted September 28,
2009; revision submitted October 1, 2009.
0928–5105/11/2101–0045 © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 45